Most recent trends in human development support in the globalization context
Keywords:poverty, globalization, famine, economic growth, human development, health care, food safety, agriculture, Millennium Development Goals
The paper reviews the major Millennium Development Goals and objectives for their attainment. Based on results of the review, the major directions were colligated, which cover and influence the general human development, specifically economic growth indicators; health care; education; access to resources required for human life support.
The importance of the human factor in the global development is pointed out. It is shown that countries are divided into four groups by the value of their Human Development Index (HDI) - those with a very high HDI, a high HGI, a medium HDI and a low HGI. The leaders among the countries of the world by the HDI are Norway, Australia, Switzerland, the Netherlands and the USA.The main human development challenges in the current situation are covered. The authors review and substantiate the influence of globalization on emergence of new trends in the human development. Some directions for human development support in the future are outlined. According to the authors, those are taking measures aimed not only on overcoming poverty and famine but also on preventive actions which implementation will forestall aggravation of human development problems; support to sustainable development of agriculture and its productivity; introduction of new technologies; attraction of outward funds for financing the human development (in which case it has to be a mandatory requirement in developing countries for access of investors to national markets); realization of the human development goals in practice in line with values, which means allowing for historical, cultural and civilizational specificity of developing countries; promoting employment of population, especially in the least developed countries, to secure stable sources of their revenues for meeting their own needs, primarily for foodstuff and delivery of medical and educational services.
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Copyright (c) 2015 Liudmyla German, Daria Ostapchuk
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