DOI: https://doi.org/10.21847/1728-9343.2018.4(156).143498

Successes and problems of "re-education": to the 70th anniversary of completion of denazification of Germany

Tetіana Kuprii

Abstract


In the article the various social aspects of policy of denazification ofGermanyare probed in 1945-1948, which were stopped up in basis of spiritual and cultural revival of the post-war state. Basic measures and actions of organs of occupation power of allies are examined on "re-education" of Germans after the crash of national socialism and blowing off political and ideological bases of German society of in general.

On the basis of analysis of accessible types of sources the mechanisms of democratization of German society, their successes and failures, are reflected in realization. The social aspects of policy of denazification are analyzed as to the process of ideological transformation of nation. Investigational factors of influence on forming of new socio-cultural reality of post-warGermany. At the use of information of cross-cultural researches the integral frame of society of new post-nationalist socialist Western European country is represented in the conditions of occupation.

It was planned to carry out returning to traditions of democracy by antinazi Germans, catholic and lutheran church, educational establishments, literature, cinema, music, theater on a background adjusting of social and household life of ordinary citizen. The regeneration ofGermanymust was be carried out the method of ideological transformation, licensing and control of Media.

Implement of western democratic catchers in Germany was inculcated unevenly and inconsistently, what counteraction of local population was as a result of. And only after the awareness of occupation power, in particular western areas, minimum intervention from administrations, close cooperation between even subjects, and also gradual transmission to Germans of responsibility for the results of denazification, there was possibility of revival of public life without deepening and complication contradictions which overcame a country in the first post-war years. It allowed solve of that time problems and in a new decade to enter on principles of the realized democracy.

Keywords


denazification; "cleaning"; nazism; of occupation power; Supervisory council of allies

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