Underground resistance group of OUN in Mariupol (October 1941 - June 1943)
Keywords:Ukrainian liberation movement, OUN underground resistance group, "Prosvita" society, Mariupol
AbstractThe article covers the development of the Ukrainian liberation movement in Mariupol from 1941 to 1943. The purpose of the article is to research problems of activities of the underground resistance group of OUN in Mariupol. As a result of the research work the formation of the Mariupol underground resistance group of the OUN, the ideological principles and directions of its struggle, the place of the "Prosvita" branch in the struggle of the OUN, and the role of Yevhen Stakhiv as the leader of the mentioned underground resistance group were considered. In cooperation with a group of the Ukrainian Nationalist Organization, the Ukrainian "Prosvita" Enlightenment Society carried out its activities in the city. Under hard conditions of German occupation, the enlightenment leaders and members of the Ukrainian Nationalist Organization were doing a great work meant to disseminate the Ukrainian culture and the Ukrainian language among Mariupol residents and to familiarize them with the history of Ukraine. The Ukrainian Nationalist Organization's struggle was accompanied by losses among the Ukrainian patriots. The problem of the activities carried out by the Ukrainian Nationalist Organization in the years of World War II is being widely discussed nowadays not only by historians but in international relations as well. In Russian Federation, allegations of "Bandera fighters" is the hobgoblin used in official anti-Ukrainian propaganda. The problem of the Ukrainian Nationalist Organization's armed fight at the time of World War II causes hot Ukraine-Poland discussions. These circumstances evidence special vitality of the theme under research. Due to the activities carried out by the Ukrainian Nationalist Organization and the Ukrainian "Prosvita" Enlightenment Society in the period of German occupation of Mariupol, national self-consciousness of most of the city's residents was increasing. The national traditions and the idea of creating independence of the Ukrainian state were being evaluated as well.
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