ANTI-SEMITIC PROPAGANDA OF NAZI GERMANY IN THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES OF UKRAINE DURING 1941-1944

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21847/1728-9343.2020.6(170).218801

Keywords:

anti-Semitism policy, World War II, German-Soviet war, propaganda, media

Abstract

During World War II, anti-Semitism reached its highest level of cruelty, especially in the occupied territories of Ukraine. The article revealed the German occupation policy, which adhered to the principle of conflict creation between different peoples and ethnic groups, who inhabited the Reich Commissariat “Ukraine” and the area of military administration. The article also covered the periodicals, leaflets, caricatures, all kinds of proclamations, propaganda campaigns as means of anti-Semitic propaganda were aimed at creating a terrible image of the Jew. The most widespread in Nazi propaganda was the accusation of Jews of crimes by the Bolshevik Stalinist regime. It has been proven that the open call for the extermination of Jews as bearers of Bolshevik ideology and practice was made through Nazi propaganda. It was found that the influence of Nazi propaganda on the population of the occupied territories was huge, which forced the Soviet troops to intensify their own propaganda after returning to their territories. In general, German agitation and propaganda activities played a significant role in advancing the Nazi army deep into the USSR, but the inconsistent policy of the German occupation authorities undermined the information principles it had created. The Nazi occupation policy led to the total annihilation of the Jewish people in the occupied territories of Ukraine. The moral and psychological condition of the population of the occupied territories was extremely difficult, people no longer believed that the German authorities would fulfill the promises they had mentioned in their propaganda. The political forces of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union used the most modern methods and means of influencing the population of opposing and military opponents.

Author Biography

Oksana Salata, Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University

Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor

Head of the Department of Ukraine History of the Historical and Philosophical Faculty

 

References

Averbukh, S.L. (comp). (2005). Gitlerovskaya propaganda yudofobii v proklamatsiyah i karikaturah. Kiev: Ukrainskiy Tsentr izucheniya Holokosta (In Russian).

Dashychev, V.I. (ed.) (1973). Zamechaniya i predlozheniya "vostochnogo ministerstva" po generalnomu planu "OST". In: Bankrotstvo strategii germanskogo fashizma. Istoricheskiye ocherki, dokumenty i materialy, Moscow: Nauka, Vol. 2, s. 30-41. Retrueved from https://scepsis.net/library/id_703.html (In Russian)

Der Prozeß gegen die Hauptkriegsverbrecher vor dem Internationalen Militärgerichtshof. (1947). Interrogation of witness Erich von Bach-Celewski, January 7, 1946. Bd. 4. Nürnberg, 536 s. (In German)

Der Prozeß gegen die Hauptkriegsverbrecher vor dem Internationalen Militärgerichtshof. (1949). Bd. 38. Nürnberg,. Dok. L-221 (In German).

Gogun, A. (2004). Chernyiy PR Adolfa Gitlera: Dokumentyi i materialyi. Moscow: Eksmo, Yauza (In Russian).

Halchak, S.D. (2004). «Skhidni robitnyky» z Podillia u Tretomu reikhu: Dokumenty, natsystska katorha, opir ponevoliuvacham. Ukrainskyi natsionalnyi fond «Vzaiemorozuminnia i prymyrennia» ta in. Vinnytsia: Knyha-Veha, 67-68 (In Ukrainian).

Hitler’s Table Talk 1941-1944. (1953). Trevor-Roper. London, 13.

Kalakura, Ya.S. (2004). Ukrainska istoriohrafiia. Kyiv. Heneza. (In Ukrainian).

Klemperer, V. (1998). LTI: Yazyik Tretego Reyha: Zapisnaya knizhka filologa A.B.Grigoreva [translat.from german]. Moscow: Progress-Traditsiya (In Russian).

Korol, V.Yu. (2006). Vtrachene, ale ne zabute: z istorii pamiatok tserkovnoi arkhitektury Kyivshchyny. Kyiv. VTs «Akademiia»: 85-87 (In Ukrainian).

Kostyirchenko, G.V. (2003). Taynaya politika Stalina: vlast i antisemitizm. Moscow: Mezhdunar. otnosheniya (In Russian).

Kosyk, V. (1993). Ukraina i Nimechchyna u Druhii svitovii viini [transl.from French]. Paris-N.Y.-Lviv: 371-372 (In Ukrainian).

Kosyk, V. (1998). Ukraina Druhii svitovii viini u dokumen-takh: Zbirnyk nimetskykh arkhivnykh materialiv. Lviv. Vol. 2: 157. (In Ukrainian).

Kruglov, O. (2008). O kolichestve evreev, unichtozhennyih eynzattsgrupami v 1941-1943 gg. Golokost I suchasnIst. Naukoviy chasopis. 1: 47-51 (In Russian).

Laynbardzher, P. (2015). Psihologicheskaya voyna. Teoriya i praktika obrabotki massovogo soznaniya. Kiev. Tsentrpoligraf. S. 17-18 (In Russian).

Lyakhovitsky, Yu. M. (1991). Poprannaya mezuza. Kniga Drogobitskogo Yara: Svidetelstva, faktyi, dokumentyi o natsistskom genotside evreyskogo naseleniya Harkova v period okkupatsii 1941-1942 gg. Kharkov, W.p. (In Russian).

Lyakhovitsky, Yu.M. (ed.) (1992). Holocaust in Ukraine and anti-Semitism in perspective. Kharkov: Kharkov Society of Jewish Culture. S. 99-114 (In Russian).

Mykhailiuk, M.V. (2006). Natsystska propahanda v oku-povanomu Kyievi. Ukrainskyi istorychnyi zhurnal. 1: 131-144 (In Ukrainian).

Podolskiy, A. (2007). Problema kollaboratsii na Ukrainev period Kholokosta: nekotoryie aspektyi issledovaniya i istoriografii. Proceeding Papers, Kyiv, 2006, October, 30-31. Kyiv: Zovnishnotorhvydav: 386 (In Ukrainian).

Sbornik dokumentov i materialov ob unichtozhenii natsistami evreyev Ukrainyi v 1941-1944 godakh. (2002). Kiev. S. 76-77. (In Russian)

Tytarenko, D.M. (2005). Zvity batalionu propahandy U yak dzherelo z pytannia pro vplyv natsystskoi propahandy na naselennia okupovanoi Ukrainy. Druha svitova viina i dolia narodiv Ukrainy: Proceeding Papers. Kyiv. S. 165-171 (In Ukrainian).

Vashik, Klaus. (2002). Metamorfozyi zla. Obraz vraga v nemetskom i sovetskom plakate. Rodina, 10: 16 (In Russian).

Vronska, T. V. (comp.), Kentiy, A. V. (comp.), Kokin, S. A. (comp.), Lysenko, O. Ye. (comp.), Smyrnov, H. V. (comp.) (2003). Kyiv u dni natsystskoi navaly: Za dokumentamy radianskykh spetssluzhb. Kyiv-Lviv. (In Ukrainian)

Vynokurova, F.A. (2007). Vyrishennia «ievreiskoho py-tannia» v okhoronnii zoni poblyzu Stavky Hitlera (ohliad dzherel). Proceeding Papers, Kyiv, 2006, October, 30-31. Kyiv: Zovnishnotorhvydav: 221 (In Ukrainian).

Yevstafieva, T.O. (2007). Trahediia Babynoho Yaru (1941-1945). Proceeding Papers, Kyiv, 2006, October, 30-31. Kyiv: Zovnishnotorhvydav: 265 (In Ukrainian).

Downloads

Published

2020-12-21

Issue

Section

History of Ukraine