DOI: https://doi.org/10.21847/1728-9343.2017.1(147).144075

The countries of Central and Eastern Europe: the experience of the interaction policy for the sustainable development purpose

Denis Tarasenko

Abstract


The experience of post-communist transformation and the concept of stoic development implementation in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe are particularly relevant for Ukraine. Most of the countries in the region have made a significant progress in the short-term run; their population has been actively involved in transformational processes. They succeeded in instant mastering of a mature market economy model, avoiding the negative manifestations of bureaucratic, oligarchic or criminal capitalism, which, unfortunately, the Ukrainian society experiences itself. Their sustainable development strategies are based on the ideas of market competition, the regulatory role of the state, and the liberal socially-oriented market economy. The purpose of the article is to analyze the constituent parts of the policy of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe in the context of sustainable development - economic, environmental and social.

In the analysis of economic policy the achievements of the studied countries such as macroeconomic transformation, domestic investment and consumer demand, quality of labor resources, price liberalization have been noted. The success of environmental policy is to simultaneously conduct it with effective economic transformations, an understanding of its evolutionary nature and the awareness of the society of the risks associated with environment pollution. The greatest achievement of social policy is the creation of a social protection system based on the Western Europe model and the following directions development: social assistance to the poor; universal (general) assistance provided to all citizens; social insurance covering payroll employees and other contributors.

Keywords


Central and Eastern European countries; sustainable development policy; economical development; ecological development; social development

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