DOI: https://doi.org/10.21847/1728-9343.2017.1(147).97460

Archetypes and Culture: Poetry and Philosophy

Ihor Pasko

Abstract


The paper examines the role of poetry in decoding of archetypes of the collective unconscious, aiming to study the purpose of poetry in development of philosophy of national idea of peoples appearing on the current historical arena. The author draws a conclusion that firstly, poets are no myth-makers. They merely convey the meaning of historical imperatives to people through a myth. That is why the myth contents are of invariant nature. The myths which came from Poet's sacral pen are truly eternal - at least until there exist communities which spiritual analogs they are. Likewise, these myths are never abandoned and denied, demythified, verified and falsified by any peripetia of social processes and intellectual progress: they get reactualized rather.

Secondly, each people can get a national idea as a program for their being in history only through comprehension of a poetic myth under the notions of historiosophy, philosophy of history and philosophy of culture. With no systematic philosophical synthesis, the poetic Myth mostly becomes a tilting-yard of primitive politicking and intellectual fraud.

Today Ukraine has found no adequate solution to this topical issue though there are persons to rely on, specifically the historiosophic heritage of V. Lypynskyi, D. Dontsov, I. Boichenko, S. Krymskyi and M. Popovych.


Keywords


archetypes; collective unconscious; culture; poetry; philosophy; national idea; Ukraine

References


Jung, Carl Gustav (1996), Psychology and Alchemy [Translat.], Janus-K, Moscow, 356 p. (rus).

Schelling, Friedrich Wilhelm (1936), The System of Transcendental Idealism [Translat.], OGIZ SOTSEKGIZ, Leningrad branch, Leningrad, p. 386. (rus).

Schiller, F. (1957), On Naїve and Sentimental Poetry, in: Collected. In 7 vols. T. 6, State Publishing House of Fiction, Moscow, p. 257. (rus).

Parandowski, Jan (1965), Alchemy of the Word, W.p., Warsaw, p. 138 (poland.).

Carlyle, Thomas (2008), Heroes and Hero Worship in History Summary [Translat.], Eksmo, Moscow, p. 102 (rus).

Hrabovych, H. (1991) Shevchenko as a Myth creator. Semantics of Symbols in the Poet’s Creative Work [Translat.], Radianskyy pysmennyk, Kyiv, p. 212.

Szpotanski, Stanislaw (1921), Adam Mickiewicz and his epoch: Vol. 2. Towianism, J. Mortkowicz Publishing House. Publishing Society, Warsaw, Krakow, p. 170 (poland.).


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