Lviv garrison role at educational life of the city (1921-1939)




Lviv garrison, education, illiteracy, military elementary schools, military library


The article is devoted to the research of the role and place of the Lviv garrison in the educational life of the city during the interwar period. High level of illiteracy among recruited soldiers, which in the early 1920s in places reached 70-80% prompted to the implementation of educational activities in the units of the Lviv garrison. Educational activities in the units were carried out in the form of primary soldiers' schools mainly. The program of such schools is analyzed in the article, the first class of a secondary school was tilled and it was called upon to teach a serviceman read, write in Polish and count. In addition, the article reveals problems of upbringing work in soldier's schools, which was assigned much of the time. Questions of officers' upbringing influence to recruits which was conducted by lectures and discussions and considerably contributed to polonization and assimilation citizens of national minority has been disclosed. In addition to the base knowledge in units recruits were trained to further social life, getting important social and professional skills. The garrison held a variety of both humanitarian and practical courses, which were designed to improve the professional level of servicemen, to give them a certain civilian specialty.

Particular attention is paid to the network of military libraries in Lviv, which contributed to the development of education in the city. It included district and and assistant "educational" libraries for sergeants and privates.

Conducted research proves high influence of educational process in garrison to general education population and a significant role of military libraries in supporting this process.

Author Biography

Andrii Shchehlov, Hetman Petro Sahaidachny National Army Academy

graduate student


Nashe slovo, available at:з-честю-виконали-свій-обовязок (ukr).

Official Order of the Ministry of Military Affairs (1922), 6, item 98. (pol).

Manual on educational, cultural and educational work in the military, Warsaw, Ministry of Military Affairs, 1931, 36 p. (pol).

One day in honor of the 5th Anniversary of the 5th Field Artillery Regiment, Lviv, 1928, 32 p. (pol).

Jędrzejewicz, J. (1923), The development of educational and cultural work in Polish army, Primary education, 1, p. 27-32 (pol).

The end of the school year in Lviv soldier primary schools (1931), Gazeta Lwowska from 3.07.1931, Nr 150, p.4 (pol).

Kospath-Pawłowski, E. & Matusak, P. & Oczymkowski, J. & Paniecki, T. & Radziwiłłowicz, D. & Rawski, T. (1997), 5th Infantry Division in the history of Polish weapons, Pruszków, Ajaks, 212 p. (pol).

Kozaczyńska, B. (2014), Centralist organization of the library network in the Polish Army (1919-1936), Yearbook of the National Library, XLV, p. 127-149 (pol).

Kozłowski, A. (1926), Military Library in Public Libraries Lviv. An outline of history edited by Ludwik Biernacki, Ossolinski, Lvov, p. 63-67 (pol).

Łodyński, M. (1926), Polish military librarianship as a separate branch of general librarianship, Ministry of Military Affairs, Warsaw, 15 p. (pol).

Small Statistical Yearbook (1939), Outlining the Central Statistical Office, Warsaw, 424 p. (pol).

Odziemkowski J. (1996), Army and society in the SecondRepublic, Bellona, Warsaw, 206 p. (pol).

Ostanek A. (2013) VI Lviv Corps District in the history of Polish military in 1921-1939, Neriton, Warsaw, 480 p. (pol).

Educational and educational work in the Lviv Garrison (1930), Education Poland. Executive body of the unification of Polish educational associations, Warsaw, 1, p. 64-66 (pol).

Through education to the power of the Polish state! In the 10th anniversary of the resurrection of the Polish state and to commemorate the First District School Exhibition in Lviv in 1928 (1928), The Ministry of Education of the Lviv garrison, Lviv, 52 p. (pol).

Act of 24 May 1924 On the Common Military Service in the Journal of Laws of the Republic of Poland (1924), 61, poz. 609 (pol).

Wojciechowski, J. S. (2015), 19. Infantry Regiment "Rescued Lviv" in the years 1919-1939, Ajaks, Pruszków, 139 p. (pol).

Wojciechowski, J. S. (2007), 40 Infantry Regiment "Lwów Children" Ajaks, Pruszków, 52 p. (pol).

Wyszczelski, L. (2004), Education, propaganda and culture in the Polish Army in the years 1918-1945, Neriton, Warsaw, 318 p. (pol).

From the life of the military library DOK Nr. VI inPoland, 9 April 1925, 99, p. 4 (pol).

Zarzycki P. (1996), 5 Lviv Light Artillery Regiment, Ajaks, Pruszków, 44 p. (pol).



How to Cite

Shchehlov, A. (2017). Lviv garrison role at educational life of the city (1921-1939). Skhid, (2(148), 71–76.