Independent Ukraine in Russian geopolitical concept in the 1990-s




Ukraine, Russia, geopolitics, foreign policy


In the article the attitude of the social and political elite to the existence of independent Ukraine. For this purpose analyzed the major geopolitical concepts and legal documents on foreign policy that defined the Russian policy on post-Soviet states during the 1990s. Common to all these works have analyzed the declaration of the Russian Federation Centre the former Soviet Union and former Soviet territory republics - the Russian zone of vital interests. Also, attention is focused on the plans of the Russian social and political elite to restore the former USSR new association with the dominant role of Russia in it.

The emphasis is on the negative perception of independence of Ukraine in the Russian social and political thought. Also accented Russian politicians to substantiate the need to restore political unity of the Slavic peoples, to return the "natural" geopolitical status of Russia, provide a geopolitical control over the territories that were part of the USSR. Political, economic, military and informational relationship between Ukraine and Russia in terms of Russian politicians, the long-term national interests of Russia. On the contrary same integration of Ukraine to other international entities threat to the Russian Federation and the plan of building a "Great Russia".

The influence of these concepts on the formation of foreign policy strategy, particularly in the current policy of Russia towards Ukraine. It is assumed that it is the political rhetoric of the Russian national patriots and left gave impetus to the efforts of great practical implementation of their geopolitical goals, including through the brutal interference in the internal affairs of Ukraine.

Author Biography

Oleh Kostiuk, Institute of Ukrainian Studies named after Ivan Krypyakevych of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

junior research fellow of the Department of resent history of Ukraine 


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How to Cite

Kostiuk, O. (2016). Independent Ukraine in Russian geopolitical concept in the 1990-s. Skhid, (5(145).