DOI: https://doi.org/10.21847/1728-9343.2016.2(142).64181

Hermes Trismegistus in cultural and religion space of Slavia Orthodoxa: written tradition

Vitalii Shchepanskyi

Abstract


The appearance of the first Hermes Trismegistus’ texts in cultural space «Slavia Orthodoxa» falls on XV century: in Serbian literature Konstantin Filozof’s «Žitije despota Stefana Lazarevića» (Vita of Despot Stefan Lazarević) and in old Ukrainian “Palais Krekhivsky” described by Ivan Franko. Serbian version contains only few lines, but Ukrainian includes individual and very complete section on Hermes Trismegistus’ life. It provides the information on the origin of Hermes, on the story of his father, and on his studying of secret alchemical knowledge in Egypt. Separately is Hermes understanding of the Trinity divine nature allocated.

Orthodox literature of XV century is mostly apophatic. Following the Christian thought of first centuries, which in the face of pseudo-Dionysius Aeropahit stated, that the description accuracy of God is in denial terms only and that our language is not developed enough to express the divine essence. Such statements can be found in the Slavic texts of Hermes. God’s Hermes nature is also stated in apophatic style that is consistent to intellectual atmosphere of Orthodox Slavs. So the scribes were able to tailor the Hermetism founder’s image to their needs, concerning questions on the nature of the Holy Trinity being. In general, it did not contradict to Hermetism, which believes that the more there are meanings contradict to each other, the more obscure the words are used, the more expressed is shown in confusing characters, the more they are suitable to describe the Absolute.

Keywords


hermetism; Slavia Orthodoxa; Hermes Trismegistus; alchemy

References


Alekseev A. I. (2012), Religious movement inRussialast third of the XIV - XVI centuries: Strigolniki and Judaizers, Mosсow, 560 p. (rus).

Franko Ivan (2006), Apocrypha and Legends from Ukrainian Manuscripts / collected, compiled and explained, Lviv, 532 p. (old ukr).

Dodds E. R. (2000), The Greeks and the irrational, Moscow, 320 p. (rus).

Kryzyna G. (2011), Palamizm spiritual and cultural revival of the Orthodox ekumeny, Kyiv, 216 p. (ukr).

Nosachev P. G. (2015), "Abdication of knowledge" The study of marginal religiosity in the twentieth and early twenty-first century, Mosсow, 336 p. (rus).

Ryan V. F. (2006),Bathat midnight: Historical overview of magic and divination inRussia, Mosсow, 720 p. (rus).

Titov V. V. (1999), False and renunciation books Slavic and Russian antiquities: Lyrics - primary sources fifteenth and eighteenth centuries. with notes, comments and partial translation, Mosсow, 133 p. (rus).

Filozof K. (1989), Tale of Slovima. Zhitije Despot Stefan Lazaroviђa, Beograd, 154 p. (serb).

Foucault's M. (1996), Archaeology of Knowledge, St. Petersburg, 416 p. (rus).

Chernjavskaja V. E. (2009), Text Linguistics: Polikodovost, intertextuality, interdiskursivnost, Mosсow, 248 p. (rus).

Iamblichus (1995), On the Egyptian Mysteries, Mosсow, 288 p. (rus).

Faivre A. (1994), Access to Western Esotericism, New York, 370 p. (engl).


GOST Style Citations


1. Алексеев А. И. Религиозные движения на Руси последней трети XIV - начала XVI в.: стригольники и жидовствующие / А. И. Алексеев. - М. : Индрик, 2012. - 560 с.

 

2. Апокрифи і легенди з українських рукописів / [зібрав, упорядкував і пояснив др. Іван Франко]. - Т ІІ. Апокрифи новозавітні. А. Апокрифічні Євангелія: Репринт видання 1899 року. - Львів : Львівський національний ун-т ім. І. Франка, 2006. - 532 с.

 

3. Доддс Е. Р. Греки и иррациональное / Е. Р. Доддс. - М. : Университетская книга, 2000. - 320 с.

 

4. Кризина Г. Паламізм та духовно-культурне відродження православної екумени / Г. Кризина. - К. : Видавн. відділ Української православної церкви, 2011. - 216 с.

 

5. Носачев П. Г. "Отреченное знание". Изучение маргинальной религиозности в ХХ и начале ХХІ века / П. Г. Носачев. - М. : Изд-во ПСТГУ, 2015. - 336 с.

 

6. Райан В. Ф. Баня в полночь: Исторический обзор магии и гадания в России / В. Ф. Райан. - М. : Новое литературное обозрение, 2006. - 720 с.

 

7. Титов В. В. Ложные и отреченные книги славянской и русской старины: Тексты - первоисточники ХV-ХVШ вв. с примечаниями, комментариями и частичным переводом / В. В. Титов. - М. : Государственная публ. историч. библ. России, 1999. - 133 с.

 

8. Филозоф К. Повест о Словима. Житиje деспота Стефана Лазаровиђа / Константин Филозоф. - Београд : Просвета: Српска књижевна задруга, 1989. - 154 с.

 

9. Фуко М. Археология знания / М. Фуко. - СПб. : Гуманитарная Академия, 1996. - 416 с.

 

10. Чернявская В. Е. Лингвистика текста: Поликодовость, интертекстуальность, интердискурсивность / В. Е. Чернявская. - М. : Книжн. дом "ЛИБРОКОМ", 2009. - 248 с.

 

11. Ямвлих. О египетских мистериях / Ямвлих. - М. : АО "Х.Г.С.", 1995. - 288 с.

 

12. Faivre A. Access to Western Esotericism / A. Faivre. - New York : SUNY Press, 1994. - 370 р.






Copyright (c) 2016 Vitalii Shchepanskyi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

ISSN 1728-9343 (Print)

ISSN 2411-3093 (Online)