DOI: https://doi.org/10.21847/1728-9343.2016.2(142).62665

Mykola's Shlemkevich philosophical system and its relevance to Ukrainians outlook formation

Mariia Grynenko

Abstract


The philosophical inheritance of Mykola Shlemkevich remains small worked out for today. In part because his works have been scattered, published in various publications under pseudonyms, in part, because of the fact that he has long been is attached the label "nationalist" and sometimes "nationalist fascist. Mykola`s Shlemkevich works fold the philosophical system and it is an obvious fact. They are incorporated by structural and methodological community. It is important to consider the Shlemkevych`s philosophical system it in its fullness and integrity, as in his writings thinker pointed not only to the problems faced by Ukrainian, but also on ways to overcome them. Mykola Shlemkevich always marked practical character of philosophy, he considered that philosophy must be added to practice. He also mentioned this in his work "The essence of philosophy", for which in 1926 got in the Viennese university rank of Ph.D. Slemkevich defines philosophy as the inner essence symbolic systems of science, religion, art, culture. He calls philosophy "the queen of sciences."

"Lost Ukrainian man" published in New York in 1954 is a perfect example of deep understanding of the social, political, cultural and philosophical problems faced man of modern times. Thinker notes that everyone naturally seeks happiness, but Ukrainians believe that happiness is oblivion. Shlemkevich emphasizes that it is not true.He notes that there is no oblivion for Ukrainians. He sees solution in leadingout of all complexes on a surface. Solving these problems is the responsibility of the elite, because that philosophers, politicians and artists should be support for people.

Also a philosopher investigates the question of the political system that would answer the necessities of Ukrainians most. In his "Ukrainian synthesis or Ukrainian civil war" published in 1946 philosopher considers the title of "creative forces" (polity). They are: Ukrainian autocracy - the monarchy, Ukrainian democracy - democracy and the Ukrainian leadership. Contrary to the creative forces are the forces of anarchy. Creative forces can not overcome force of anarchy because operate separately. Also creative forces argue among themselves. One`s of creative forces victory is undesirable because will result in totalitarianism, and it unusual to Ukrainians. Thus a thinker talks about a necessity to find a consensus, because only together they will be able to bringUkraineover to prosperity.


Keywords


Mykola Shlemkevich; outlook; creative forces; synthesis; artistic heritage

References


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Kulchytsky Olexander (1981), Introduction to the essence of philosophy issues, in: Shlemkevych Mykola. The essence of philosophy, Zapysky NTSH, Vol. 191, Paris, New York, Munich, 255 p. (ukr).

Shlemkevych M. (1981), The essence of philosophy, Zapysky NTSh, Vol. 191, Paris, New York, Munich, 255 p., available at: http://diasporiana.org.ua/wp-content/uploads/books/4212/file.pdf (ukr).

Shlemkevych M. (1992), Lost Ukrainian man, Phoenix Publisher, Kyiv, 158 p. (ukr).

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