Study on the activities of the Society of Jesus in East Slavic region in the last third of the xvi - first half of xvii centuries carried out by Russian Empire researchers




Society of Jesus, East Slavic region, Russian Empire researches, topics of scientific publications, historiography of the problem


The article analyzes the subjects of the research, carried out by Russian Empire scholars on the activities of the Society of Jesus in East Slavic region in the last third of the XVI - first half of the XVII centuries. Unlike the works by Western secular and ecclesiastical, Jesuit and Polish scholars, the works by Russian historians of XIX - early XX centuries were not much analyzed by modern scientists.

The present research reveals that Russian scholars showed a keen interest in this problem. Researchers collected and published the factual material in the collections of documents. They embarked on a study of some aspects of Jesuit practices in the system of education, religious and social activities. They analyzed the principles and the ways of further study as well as began assessing the Society, its value and the impact of its activities.

The topics of the research, however, were not versatile. Revisions, made by scholars, mainly concerned religious and educational activities of the Society of Jesus in the region. The researchers examined the educational institutions of the Society, the system of education, the ways of dissemination of Catholicism, Jesuits' participation in the preparation and creation of the Union of Brest, the Uniate Church, The Order of Saint Basil the Great, Antonio Possevino's mission to Moscow, Jesuits' participation in the events of the Time of Troubles in Muscovy, the activities of individual members of the Society (A. Possevino and Piotr Skarga particularly). The author of the present article argues that the scholars of the Empire did not take into account all the aspects of the above-mentioned topics and not all the houses of the Society in the region.

However, the great interest showed by XIX century historians in the activities of the Society has not led to a comprehensive study of the problem. Certain areas of Jesuits' activities were not studied at all or studied inappropriately. The issues of the economic activity of the Society, financial security and staffing of the Society, the cultural achievements of the Jesuits, the cooperation of the Society of Jesus with public figures and its impact on the military, political, economic and cultural life in the region were not brought to light.

Yet we cannot underestimate the achievements of Russian scholars. For XIX - early XX centuries these achievements were considered to be groundbreaking and some works and topics remained significant even for the early XXI century.

Author Biography

Angela Papazova, Mariupol State University

Ph.D. (History), Assistant Professor of Historical Disciplines Department


Shevchenko T. (2005), Jesuit teaching on the Ukrainian lands of the last quarter of 16th - the middle of the 17th centuries, Svіchado, Lvіv, pp. 19-41 (ukr).

Blinova T.B. (2002), Jesuits inBelarus. Jesuit's role in the organization of education and enlightenment, GrGU,Grodno, pp. 6-13 (rus).

Sieriakov S. (2005), Jesuit schooling as a factor of national and cultural development in Polish historiography of XIX-XX cen­tu­ries, East-West: Historical and Cultural Collection, Issue 7. Universities and nations in the Russian Empire, Krytyka, Kharkiv-Kiev, pp. 23-44 (ukr).

Tymoshenko L. (2000), Jesuits and the Union of Brest, Christianity, Lviv, p. 379 (ukr).

Dmitriev M.V. (2003), BetweenRomeand Tsargrad: the genesis of the Union of Brest in 1595 - 1596, MSU,Moscow, pp. 10-11 (rus).

Petrova A.A., Shershniova S.V. (1999), Foreword, Grizinger T. Jesuits. Full history of their activities, both evident and secret, since the creation of the society till the present times, Lan,St. Petersburg, pp. 6-7 (rus).

Hutnova E.V. (1974), Historiography of the Middle Ages history, Vysshaia Shkola, Moscow, pp. 254-255 (rus).

Bantysh-Kamensky D.N. (1993), History of Little Russia from the settlement of the Slavs in this the country till the eradication of the Hetmanate, Chas, Kyiv, pp. 95-105, 112-113 (rus).

Doroshenko D.І. (1996), Ukrainian Historiography Review.StateSchool: History. Political Science. Law, Ukrainoznavstvo, Kyiv, 258 p. (ukr); Doroshenko D.І. (1992), The outline of the History of Ukraine in 2 volumes, Globus, Kyiv, Vol. 1, pp. 171-172, 178-183 (ukr).

Karamzin N.M. (1990), The history of Russian State, in ХІІ volumes, Priok, Tula, Vol. VII-IX, p. 479 (rus).

Soloviov S.M. (1989), Essays. In 18 books. History of Russia from ancient times, Executive editor Kovalchenko I.D., Dmit­riev S.S., Mysl,Moscow, Book. 3, Vol. 5-6, p. 643-716 (rus).

Scherbatov M.M. (1903), The History of Russia since the ancient times, St.Petersburg, V.5, Part 3, p. 690 (rus).

Hrushevskii M.S. (1995), The History of Ukraine-Rus, Naukova Dumka, Kyiv, Vol. 7, pp. 446-461 (ukr); Hrushevskii M.S.(1994), Cultural and National Movement in Ukraine in XVI - XVII cent., Ukraine Spiritual (the collection of works), Compilation and annex by I. Hyrych, A. Dziuba, B. Ulianіvskiy, Lybid, Kyiv, pp. 154-169, 210, 237-238 (ukr).

Briantsev P.D. (1889), Lithuanian history since the ancient times, Vilna, pp. 370-439 (rus).

Kostomarov N.I. (1994), The Time of Troubles in Muscovy in the early XVII century (1604-1613), Charlie,Moscow, 800 p. (rus).

Macarius (Bulgakov M.P), (1883), History of Russian Church, in 12 volumes,St. Petersburg, available at: http:www.// (rus).

Demianovich A.P. (1871) The Jesuits in Western Russia(in 1569-1772), Journal of the Ministry of Education, December, pp. 230-231 (rus).

Kharlampovich K.V. (1898), The West Russian orthodox schools of the 16th - early 17th centuries. Their relation to the other beliefs,Kazan, 524, LVI p. (rus).

Slivov I. (1875), The Jesuits in Lithuania, Russian Bulletin, Moscow, Vol. 120, pp. 551-599 (rus).

Mitroshenkov I. (1912), The Jesuits in the eastern part of Belarus from 1569 till 1772, Old Times of Polotsk-Vitebsk, Vitebsk, Vol. 2, pp. 23-35 (rus).

Liubovich N.N. (1888), On the history of the Jesuits on the Lithuanian-Russian lands in the XVI century, Warsaw, 28 p. (rus); Liubovich N.N. (1890), The origins of Catholic reaction and the decline of the Reformation in Poland, Warsaw, 412 p. (rus).

Lilov A.I. (1856), On Malicious Actions of the Jesuits against the Orthodox Church in Russia in late XVI - early XVII centuries, Kazan, 282 p. (rus).

Ianovskiy L. (1905-1907), Political Activities of Piotr Skarga, News of Higher Educational Institutions, Kyiv, 1905, № 6,10; 1906, № 5,11,12; 1907, № 3,4 (rus).

Sushko O. (1906), The Epіsode from the life of Piotr Skarga, Lviv, 22 p. (ukr); Sushko O. (1902), The Jesuits in Making the Union in Rus in Pre-Brest Times, Lviv, 80 p. (ukr); Sushko O. (1903), Piotr Skarga in Russian official science, Lviv, 43 p. (ukr).

Stelmashenko M.A. (1902), Political activities of Piotr Skarga, Kyiv, 340 p. (rus).

Likhachev N.P. (1900), Antonio Possevino and Istoma Shevrigin, Moscow, 22 p. (rus); Likhachev N.P. (1903), On Antonio Possevino's arrival in Moscow, St. Petersburg, 149 p. (rus).

Samarin Yu.F. (1870), The Jesuits and their stance on Russia. Letter to Jesuit Martynov, Moscow, 510 p. (rus); Samarin Yu.F. (1887), The Jesuits and articles on theological and philosophical topics, Essays,Moscow, Vol. XI, 562 p. (rus).

Bykov A.A. (1891), Ignatius of Loyola, his life and social activities, St. Petersburg, 112 p. (rus).

Sapunov A.P. (1897), Article on the board of the Jesuit Academy of Polotsk, Polotsk, 30 p. (rus).

Levitskiy O.I. (1883), Princess Anna Alojza Ostrogska, The Old Times of Kiev, №11, pp. 10-17 (rus); Levitskiy O.I. Jesuit Martyr: historical narration. -Winnipeg, 69 p. (ukr).

Kostomarov N.I. (1996), Russian foreigners. Historical monographs and studies, Charlie, Moscow, 608 p. (rus); Kostomarov N.I. (1994), The Time of Troubles in Muscovy in the early XVII century (1604-1613), Charlie, Moscow, 800 p. (rus).

Levitskiy N. (1886), False Dmitry I as a propagandist of Catholicism inMoscow,St. Petersburg, 182 p. (rus).

Platonov S.F. (1888), The ancient Russian tales and stories about the Time of Troubles in the XVII century as a historical source,St. Petersburg, 372 p. (rus).

Vorobiov G.A. (1894), Tsar Ivan VI of Russia and Pope Gregory XIII, The Old Times of Russia, May, Vol. 81, pp. 52-75 (rus).

Dakhnovich S. (1856), Jesuit Antonio Possevino, Works by Kiev Theological Academy, January, pp. 103-138, February, pp. 229-272, March, pp. 373-418; April, pp. 506-555 (rus).

Kliuchevskii V.O. (1918), Foreigners' Legends of Muscovy,St. Petersburg, pp. 18 (rus).

Shmurlo E.F. (1929), Roman Curia in the Russian Orthodox East (1609-1654),Prague, 354 p. (rus).

Uspenskii F.I. (1884), Relations between Romeand Moscow, Journal of the Ministry of Education, October, pp. 316-340 (rus).

Likhachev N.P. (1900), Antonio Possevino and Istoma Shevrigin, Moscow, 22 p. (rus); Likhachev N.P. (1903), On Antonio Possevino's arrival in Moscow, St. Petersburg, 149 p. (rus).

Novodvorskiy V.V. (1904), The struggle forLivoniabetweenMoscowand the The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1570-1582),St. Petersburg, 360 p. (rus).

Zhukovich P.N. (1901), Seim fight of the Western Russian orthodox nobility against Church Union in1609, St. Petersburg, 138 p. (rus).

Koialovich M.O. (1864), The History of The Order of Saint Basil the Great, Christian readings, Vol. І, Part 1, pp. 27-57 (rus); Koialovich M.O. (1859), Lithuanian Church Union, St. Petersburg, Vol.1, p. 41. (rus).

Petrov N.I. (1871), Essay on the history of The Order of Saint Basil the Great in formerPoland, Kyiv, 675 p. (rus).

Sumtsov N.F. (1888), Historical experience of Catholics' attempts to introduce the Gregorian calendar into Southern and Western Russia, The Old Times of Kiev, Book 5, pp. 235-272 (rus).

Tolstoy D.A., (1876), Roman Catholicism in Russia, St. Petersburg, Vol. 1, 233 p. (rus).

ChistovichI.(1882-1884), Essay on the history ofRuthenianChurch,St. Petersburg, Part 1-2, 221, 419 p. (rus).

Viktorovskiy P.G. (1912), West Russian orthodox families, deviated from the Orthodox Church in the late XV-XVII centuries, Kyiv, Issue. 1, 273 p. (rus).

Gozhalchinskiy A. (1869), Jesuit school in South-West Russia, Works by Kiev Theological Academy, Vol. ІІ, № 4, pp. 85-127 (rus).

Iastrebov M. (1869), The Jesuits and their teaching activities in Polandand Lithuania, Works by Kiev Theological Academy, Vol. ІІ, №2, pp. 260-294 (rus).

Ilin A. (1905), The Jesuits and their impact on human history, Moscow, 79 p. (rus).



How to Cite

Papazova, A. (2016). Study on the activities of the Society of Jesus in East Slavic region in the last third of the xvi - first half of xvii centuries carried out by Russian Empire researchers. Skhid, (7(139), 44–49.