Cultural forms of existence of philosophy: typological aspect
Keywords:philosophy, culture, typology, form of existence of philosophy in culture
The paper typologizes the main cultural forms of philosophy, based on philosophizing means they use, namely knowledge, values and practical norms. Towards this end, the author firstly examines the invariant essence of philosophy and its specific sociocultural function; identifies those major spheres of culture the synthesis with which gives rise to some forms of philosophy; introduces the concept 'the form of existence of philosophy in culture' as a special category; defines some possible and historical forms of existence of philosophy and specificity of their cultural language; discerns 'the forms of existence of philosophy in culture' and inner 'generic forms of philosophy' as well as some 'philosophical genres and styles'.
It is shown that philosophy may acquire different forms of synthesis with the main spheres of culture. In each of such forms, philosophy uses the available cultural potential of language, symbols, primary philosophemes and intuitions to fulfil its major task - reflexive comprehension of the fundamentals of culture and their main categories as well as deriving universal, common knowledge of man and his place in the world.The author proposes a tentative typology of the main cultural forms of philosophy, based on generalization of philosophizing means. As a result, there are three types of philosophies identified: 'philosophy of knowledge', 'philosophy of values' and 'philosophy of practical norms'.
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