China in global scientific and educational area: strategies of intellectual breakthrough


  • Denys Ilnytskyy Kyiv National Economic University named after Vadym Hetman, Ukraine
  • Olha Khomenko Institute of Higher Education, Kyiv National Economic University named after Vadym Hetman, Ukraine



scientificand educational area, China, reforms, knowledge economy, intellectual property


The article addresses China as a country which actively creates and effectively exploits the potential of intellectual capital in interests of social and economic development. Aim of the study is to identify key factors and strategies of a global competitive leadership of China on the basis of effective use of national innovation and intellectual potential. Ukrainian scientific and educational institutions can take advantage of potential cooperation with Chinese partners.

Analysis of the objectives, programs and plans made it possible to identify the main stages of development of education, science and technology in China. Becoming conscious of negative effects of the Cultural Revolution, including the loss of higher education for social and economic development, China started reforms of national system of science and education (1-st stage - 1975 - 1994). Priorities of 2-nd stage (1995 - 2005) were deepening reforms, shaping the points of growth, sustainable funding, early integration of national innovation system into global. Securing a strong position in global scientific and educational space, increased funding, reforms for achieving global leadership and becoming innovative nation through effective implementation of intellectual capital in some sectors occurs during 3-rd stage (2006 - present).

Targeted government policies to increase human capital, formation of world-class universities, along with development of IPR protection lead to increase in the number of scientific papers and patents that provide leading international position of China. In the near future China is expected to implement a strategy of transition from quantitative indicators to high quality of scientific and educational complex and improving IPR protection.

Author Biographies

Denys Ilnytskyy, Kyiv National Economic University named after Vadym Hetman

PhD, Associate Professor of International Economics Department

Olha Khomenko, Institute of Higher Education, Kyiv National Economic University named after Vadym Hetman

PhD, researcher


Kochetkov V., Biliavska O. (2013), Some results of the innovation policy of China, Actual Questions, Organizational and Legal Fundamentals of International Cooperation in the High Technologies Area, Materials of VIII th International Scientific and Practical Conference, SE "Ukrtechinform", Kyiv, pp. 161-167 (ukr).

Science, Technology, Innovation, The State Service of Statistic of Ukraine, available at: (ukr).

Cao Q.(2014), Insight into weak enforcement of intellectual property rights in China, Technology in Society, Vol. 38, pp. 40-47 (engl). doi: 10.1016/j.techsoc.2014.02.001

China Statistical Yearbooks (1996-2014), National Bureau of Statistic of China, available at: (engl).

China's 985 Project Universities, available at: (engl).

Country Rankings, The SCImago Journal & Country Rank, available at: (engl).

Federici S., Caffentzis G. (2000), The World Bank'sAfricanCapacityBuildingInitiative: A Critique. In A Thousand Flowers: Social Struggle against Structural Adjustment inAfricanUniversities, African World Press,Trenton, 186 p. (engl).

Fiaz M. (2013), An empirical study of university-industry R&D collaboration in China: Implications for technology in society, Technology in Society, Vol. 35, Issue 3, pp. 191-202 (engl). doi: 10.1016/j.techsoc.2013.03.005

Gide E., Wu M., Wang X. (2010), The influence of internationalisation of higher education: A China's study, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 2, Issue 2, pp. 5675-5681 (engl). doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.927

Guanzi S. (2012), Building World-Class Universities inChina: From the View of National Strategies. Global University Network for Innovation, available at: (engl).

Huang C., Amorim C., Spinoglio M., Gouveia B., Medina A. (2004), Organization, programme and structure: an analysis of the Chinese innovation policy framework, R&D Management, Vol. 34(4), pp. 367-387 (engl). doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9310.2004.00347.x

Intellectual property in China: battle of ideas (2009), The Economist, Vol. 391(8628), p. 68 (engl).

Kai J. (2012), Improving Quality: Core Mission for Developing Higher Education in the "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)", Chinese Education and Society, Vol. 45, Nо. 3, pp. 73-88 (engl). doi: 10.2753/ced1061-1932450306

Kamola I.(2013), Why Global? Diagnosing the Globalization Literature Within a Political Economy of Higher Education, International Political Sociology, Vol. 7, pp. 41-58 (engl). doi: 10.1111/ips.12008

Kshetri N. (2009), Institutionalization of intellectual property rights in China, European Management Journal, Vol. 27, pp. 155-164 (engl). doi: 10.1016/j.emj.2008.08.002

Li S., Whalley J., Xing C. (2014), China's higher education expansion and unemployment of college graduates, China Economic Review, Vol. 30, pp. 567-582 (engl). doi: 10.1016/j.chieco.2013.08.002

Li X., Roberts J., Yan, Y. and Tan H. (2014), Knowledge sharing in China-UK higher education alliances, International Business Review, Vol. 23, Issue 2, pp. 343-355 (engl). doi: 10.1016/j.ibusrev.2013.05.001

Liu H., Jiang Y (2001), Technology transfer from higher education institutions to industry in China: nature and implications, Technovation, Vol. 21, pp. 175-188 (engl). doi: 10.1016/s0166-4972(00)00045-6

Liu Q., Peng Y. (2015), Corruption in college admissions examinations in China, International Journal of Educational Development, Vol. 41, pp. 104-111 (engl). doi: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2015.02.003

Liu W., Tang L., Hu G., Wang Y. (2015), China's global growth in social science research: Uncovering evidence from bibliometric analyses of SSCI publications (1978-2013), Journal of Informetrics, Vol. 9, Issue 3, pp. 555-569 (engl). doi: 10.1016/j.joi.2015.05.007

Ma G., Yi W. (2011), China's high saving rate: myth and reality, Economie internationale, Vol. 122(2), pp. 5-39 (engl). doi: 10.1016/s2110-7017(13)60028-1

Misangyi V. F., Weaver G. R., Elms H. (2008), Ending corruption: The interplay among institutional logics, resources, and institutional entrepreneurs, Academy of Management Review, Vol. 33(3), pp. 750-770 (engl). doi: 10.5465/amr.2008.32465769

National center for Education statistics US, available at: (engl).

National Outline for the Medium- and Long-term Scientific and Technological Development Plan (2006-2020), available at: (engl).

QS World University Rankings 2014/15 Report, available at: (engl).

Ranking Web of Universities (2014/15), available at: (engl).

Sangaralingam R. (2013), "China's Transition to a Knowledge Economy", J.Knowl.Econ., Springer Science+Business Media, Vol. 4, pр. 473-491 (engl). doi: 10.1007/s13132-012-0092-9

Science, Technology and Patents, available at: (engl).

SIR World Ranking (2014/15), SCImagoir, available at: (engl).

Statistic Yearbooks 2010-2014, National Bureau of Statistic of China, available at: (engl).

The Global Competitiveness Index Historical Dataset (2005-2014), World Economic Forum, available at: http://www3. (engl).

The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2014-2015, available at: (engl).

UNCTAD Statistics, UNCTAD, available at: (engl).

UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNESCO, available at: (engl).

WIPO IP Facts and Figures (2014), WIPO, available at: (engl).

Wu W. (2007), Cultivating Research Universities and Industrial Linkages in China: The Case of Shanghai, World Development, Vol. 35, Issue 6, pp. 1075-1093 (engl). doi: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2006.05.011

Yeravdekar V. R., Tiwari G. (2014),China's Lead in Higher Education: Much to Learn for India, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 157, pp. 369-372 (engl). doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.11.041

Yi H., Zhang L., Yao Y., Wang A., Ma Y., Shi Y., Chu J., Loyalka P., Rozelle S. (2015), Exploring the dropout rates and causes of dropout in upper-secondary technical and vocational education and training (TVET) schools in China, International Journal of Educational Development, Vol. 42, pp. 115-123 (engl). doi: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2015.04.009



How to Cite

Ilnytskyy, D., & Khomenko, O. (2015). China in global scientific and educational area: strategies of intellectual breakthrough. Skhid, (5(137), 46–55.