DOI: https://doi.org/10.21847/1728-9343.2015.3(135).46086

Armenian narrative XIII - early XIV ages as a source of history Second and Third Crusades

Vitaly Litvinenko

Abstract


This article analyzes the evidence of Armenian historians XIII - early XIV ages regarding events of Crusades 1147 - 1149 years and 1189 - 1192 years; defined the specific tradition of writing history, which was characterized by medieval Armenian chronicler. Based on the study of sources found confidence level posts Armenian narratives, their degree of objectivity and informative.

Analysis of evidence of medieval Armenian authors, relating to the eastern casing written sources on the history of the Crusades, allows us to trace the evolution of the views of historians who lived and worked during the given period of source; allows you to compare the degree of reliability and the level of informativeness Armenian and Latin works, figure out the contradictions and mutual interdependence in conceptions of authors, which were inherent in radically different traditions historiography.

Armenian historians, like other eastern authors (eg, Byzantine, Arab, Syrian, etc.), starting to write his works do not set ourselves as the primary objective laudatory description crusading movement, and considered it solely within the native, Armenian history. Given these facts, not surprisingly, the outline of the Second and Third Crusades covered them fragmented, and many episodes of the military-religious actions have a brief compilation is limited actual dry character.

Despite certain qualitative characteristics of medieval Armenian narratives are predominantly auxiliary character in the coverage of various aspects of the history of the Crusades mid - late twelfth century. Because we have not opened any other pictures of military-religious actions, opposite the west. Their number is not enough in order to reflect the full fabric of the events of the second and third military campaigns in Western chivalry East and outshine an enormous amount of information in their Latin chroniclers, even in its most subjective, biased and insufficiently critical.


Keywords


Armenian narratives; Crusades; source

References


Vardan Velikiy (1861), General History of Vartan Velikiy, Moscow, pp. 153, 165-169 (rus).

Dmitriyev G. (1966), Istoriko-filologicheskiy zhurnal, № 3, Leningrad, pp. 281-285 (rus).

Dmitriyev G. (1968), Istoriko-filologicheskiy zhurnal, № 1, Leningrad, pp. 259-265 (rus).

Dmitriyev G. (1971), Istoriko-filologicheskiy zhurnal, № 3, Leningrad, pp. 138-148 (rus).

Zaborov M. (1966), Introduction to the historiography of the Crusades, Nauka, Moskow, 384 p. (rus).

Zaborov M. (1968), Istoriko-filologicheskiy zhurnal, № 3, Moscow, pp. 153-162 (rus).

Zaborov M. (1971), Historiography of the Crusades (Literature XV – XIX centuries), Nauka, Moscow, 385 p. (rus).

Zaborov M. (1977), History of the Crusades in the documents and materials, Vysshaya shkola, Moscow, 272 p. (rus).

Stasyulevich M. [editor] (2001), History of the Middle Ages: The Crusades, Vol. 3, Poligon, St. Petersburg, 592 р. (rus).

Gandzaketsi Kirakos (1976), History of Armenia, Nauka, Moscow, pp. 89-90, 112-114 (rus).

Sparapet Smbat (1974), Annals, Ayastan, Yerevan, pp. 44-120 (rus).

Ayrivanskiy Mekhitar (1869), Chronological history compiled father Mehitarom, Vardapet Ayrivankskim, St. Petersburg, p. 409, 412 (rus).

Recueil des historiens des croisades. Documents armeniens (1869-1906), Paris, Vol. I, 992 p.; Vol. II, 1310 p. (french).


GOST Style Citations


1. Вардан Великий. Всеобщая история // Всеобщая история Вардана Великого / [пер. Н. Эмина]. - М., 1861. - С. 153, 165-169.

 

2. Дмитриев Г. Рецензия на: А. Людерс. Крестовые походы в оценке сирийских и армянских источников, Берлин, 1964 / Г. Дмитриев // Историко-филологический журнал. - 1966. - № 3. - С. 281-285.

 

3. Дмитриев Г. Рецензия на: М. А. Заборов. Введение в историографию крестовых походов (Латинская хронография XI - XIII веков) / Г. Дмитриев // Историко-филологический журнал. - 1968. - № 1. - С. 259-265.

 

4. Дмитриев Г. О западных и восточных источниках истории крестовых походов / Г. Дмитриев // Историко-филологический журнал. - 1971. - № 3. - С. 138-148.

 

5. Заборов М. Введение в историографию крестовых походов / М. Заборов. - М. : Наука, 1966. - 384 с.

 

6. Заборов М. К вопросу о значении известий восточных современников крестовых походов / М. Заборов // Историко-филологический журнал. - 1968. - № 3. - С. 153-162.

 

7. Заборов М. Историография крестовых походов (литература XV - XIX вв.) / М. Заборов. - М. : Наука, 1971. - 385 с.

 

8. Заборов М. История крестовых походов в документах и материалах / М. Заборов. - М. : Высш. шк., 1977. - 272 с.

 

9. История средних веков: Крестовые походы / [сост. М. Стасюлевич]. - 3-е изд., исп. и доп. - СПб. : Полигон, 2001. - Т. 3. - 592 с.

 

10. Киракос Гандзакеци. История Армении / Гандзакеци Киракос ; [пер. с древнеармян., пред. и ком. Л. Ханларян]. - М. : Наука, 1976. - С. 89-90, 112-114.

 

11. Смбат Спарапет. Летопись / Спарапет Смбат ; [пер. с древнеармян., пред. и прим. А. Галстяна; отв. ред. Э. Агаян]. - Ереван : Айастан, 1974. - С. 44-120.

 

12. Хронографическая история, составленная отцом Мехитаром, вардапетом Айриванкским / Мехитар Айриванский ; [пер. с др.-армян. К. Патканова]. - СПб., 1869. - С. 409, 412.

 

13. Recueil des historiens des croisades. Documents armeniens (1869 - 1906): TT. I - II. - Paris : Imprimerie Imperiale, 1869. - T. I. - 992 p.; 1906. - T. II. - 1310 p.






ISSN 1728-9343 (Print)

ISSN 2411-3093 (Online)