Peculiarities of ethnic and social identification of Turkic Diaspora
Keywords:identity, identification, integration, segregation, Turkic Diaspora, "Homo ethnic"
The article is devoted to the problems of identification of Turkic Diaspora. Analyzed in detail migration peculiarities of Turkic Diaspora in Ukrainian and German society. Determined that due to historical, geographic, geopolitical, linguistic factors influencing the integration processes in the host cell Diaspora Turkic-speaking society closer to Ukrainian, which simplifies the preservation of their cultural identity while uniting into a single community of integration. Social policy in Germany has created a high-quality environment for Turkic Diaspora, but having our own media, educational and cultural centers, financial support, only weakens, promotes separation of existence in their ghettos, segregation creates community.
Segregation is sanctioned policy of separate development. At the state level, a policy whose aim is to isolate cultural groups. Integration is a variant of the groups in which group members retain their cultural identity while combined into a single community.
In various scientific concepts the linguistic factor is one of the basic elements of both the external and internal identity. Next was determined: a common origin, a common territory, common historical background, religion, material and spiritual culture and traditions. Renowned researcher S. Huntington noted that cultural identities (ethnic, national, religious) are central and unions, government policies consist of considering cultural proximity and cultural differences.Turks in Germany are one of the least integrated communities in the country and largely retain their native language, religion, commitment to family traditions, music and culture. And in the opinion of the representatives of Turkic Diaspora in Germany, we have existence of danger of being Turkic zed of Europe.
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