Conceptualization of a mentally ill person subject in anti-psychiatry
Keywords:subject, anti-psychiatry, existentia, phenomenology, consciousness, madness
Рurpose of the article is focused on the study of subject conception dimensions in anti-psychiatry from the existential viewpoint, which answers the actual questions about mental disease origin; may be used as the certain methodology of psychology and pathology. It has been proved that the classical psychiatry provides the wrong conception about internal world of schizoid. It has been shown that the existential phenomenology is the only possible cognition technique for study of subject personality. The way of being of human world including the mad one as the structure of the relationship which the person creates himself is identified there in the article. On the assumption of this unity it is possible to consider mental disorders as an extreme degree of inauthenticity, remoteness from the free-transcending, when probabilistic nature of existence is not apparent, and statically complete worlds are created. It has been shown that despite of amorality and asociality of mad subject behavior it serves as anthropological abyss manifestation, which may open up for everyone in certain circumstances.
It is emphasized that the ethics of psychiatric treatment is often a denial of political freedom and subjective dignityethics.
R. Leing concept of the ontological certainty and uncertainty of the personalityis explored. An alternativity position in which mental illness is a process of healing, whereas normality - a betrayal of the true capacity of the subject is considered.It is found that social anthropology of disease, which has formed within antypsychiatry, is shown as a connecting link, a leading component of humanistic discourse. It improves the success of existential-phenomenological psychiatry and lays the foundation for building a socio-cultural interpretation of illness.
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