Interpretations of the concept of faith in modern Catholic theology




Catholic theology, faith, metaphysics


The paper identifies consistent interpretations of the phenomenon of faith, based on learning of the most influential paradigms in modern Catholic theology. It is indicated in particular that Catholic theology of the 19th-early 21st centuries developed a metaphysical concept of faith as acceptance of dogmatic theology theses by mind. All scientific and philosophical rationality has then reduced to judicious metaphysics, whereas the possibility of intuitive or personalistic interpretations of faith was denied. Since the mid-20th century those metaphysical provisions on rationality and faith have been existentially interpreted, which was particularly brilliantly done by Pope John Paul Pavel II in the encyclopedia 'Fidesetrati'.

Pope John Paul Pavel II held to a pre-modern concept of faith but introduced existential motives to his concept for the sake of a new proof of metaphysical concepts of faith, rationality and a path to know God. At the same time, Pope tended to pass on to a new paradigm, a pre-postmetaphysic and postmodern dialogical concept of faith, which was however completely shaped in creativity of another Catholic theologian - H.U. von Balthasar and within transcendental Thomism of K. Rahner.

Author Biography

Tetiana Levchenko, National University of the State Tax Administration of Ukraine, Irpin

Senior Lecturer 


Christian doctrine. Dogmatic texts of the Magisterium III-XX centuries (2002), Publisher St. Peter, St. Petersburg, 550 p. (rus).

Iohannes Paulus II Pāpa (2003), Fides et ratio, in: Works, Vol. II, Publisher Franciscans, Moscow, pp. 205-307 (rus).

Balthasar Hans Urs von (2009), Die Wahrheit ist symphonisch, St. Thomas Institute, Moscow, 152 p. (rus).

Balthasar Hans Urs von (1997), Worthy of belief only love, Moscow, 124 p. (rus).

Gilson Étienne (1995), Le Philosophe et la Théologie, Moscow, 192 p. (rus).

Levchenko T. N. (2011), Filosofska dumka-Sententiae, Special Issue, № 2, Vinnytsia, pp. 119-127, available at: BA_II._-_2011 (ukr).

Küng Hans (2000), Great Christian Thinkers, St. Petersburg, 442 p. (rus).

Kolodnyy A. M. (2005), Premodern, modern, postmodern in the context of the history of Christianity, Ukrainian Religious, № 3 (35), pp. 5-33, available at: (ukr).

Chornomorets Yu. P. (2013), Filosofska dumka-Sententiae, Special Issue, № 3, Vinnytsia, pp. 74-88 (ukr).

Khrystokin H. V. (2007), Neopatrystyka as a paradigm of modern Orthodox theology, available at: (ukr).

Rowland T. (2008), Ratzinger's Faith. The theology of pope Benedict XVI, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 214 p. (engl).

Rowland T. (2003), Culture and the Thomist Tradition: After Vatican II, Routledge, 208 p. (engl).

Kerr F. (2003), After Aquinas: versions of Thomism, Blackwell Publishers, Oxford, 254 p. (engl).

Rahner Karl (2006), The foundation of faith. Introduction to Christian Theology, Moscow, 662 p. (rus).



How to Cite

Levchenko, T. (2015). Interpretations of the concept of faith in modern Catholic theology. Skhid, (6(132), 115–120.