Concept of Balto-Black Sea Union and Post-Soviet Territory




geopolitical situation of Ukraine, Balto-Black Sea Union, Balto-Black Sea arc, concept of 'inter-sea area', common European integration


The paper examines a concept of the Balto-Black Sea Union, which ideas were translated into reality during the Kievan Rus and Grand Duchy of Lithuania period. In the 10th-11th centuries the road from the North to the South, from the East-country to the Black Sea ran through the territory of Ukraine. The way 'from the Varangians to the Greeks' integrated two regions, the Baltic and the Black Sea, and was to the advantage of all those involved. This conceptual idea was again looked into by Ukrainian politicians and researchers in the early 20th century, it was explored and proposed by Mykhailo Grushevskyi, Yuriy Lypa and Stepan Rudnytskyi.

The idea of the 'inter-sea area' became a subject for active discussion in Polish, Ukrainian, Belorussian and Lithuanian political quarters in the late 1980s. This plot deserves attention of contemporary Ukrainian politicians in the current dynamic geopolitical context as an efficient and timely anti-Russian international project which will underpin the security of Ukraine. This idea was partially implemented in the form of the GU(U)AM, the Black Sea Organization for Economic Cooperation and the Community of Democratic Choice.

The natural vector 'North - South' of communicative and transit transport flows is not used in full measure by Ukraine. The Balto-Black Sea Union offers a significant security component which is of interest to the USA and the European Union.

The emergence of such new world economic centers as the USA, the EU and China imparts a new focus to foreign policy priorities of Ukraine.

Author Biography

Bogdan Levyk, Lviv Polytechnic National University

Candidate of Historical Sciences, Chief Research Officer


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How to Cite

Levyk, B. (2014). Concept of Balto-Black Sea Union and Post-Soviet Territory. Skhid, (5(131).