REPRESSIVE-PUNITIVE ACTIVITY OF “TROIKA” ATTACHED TO THE STATE POLITICAL ADMINISTRATION OF THE UKRAINIAN SSR IN THE CONTEXT OF THE UKRAINIANS’ GENOCIDE
Keywords:genocide of the Ukrainians during 1932-1933-s, DPU of the Ukrainian SSR, “Troika”, repressive-punitive activity, grain procurement
The repressive-punitive activity of the DPU’s “Troika” as an extrajudicial body was analyzed in the article. Their involvement into the Ukrainians’ genocide during 1932-1933-s was proved by the archival documents. New historical sources that proved a role of “Troika” of the State political administration of the Ukrainian SSR (DPU of the Ukrainian SSR) as a repressive-punitive body were introduced into scientific usage for the first time. The author has used historical-systematic method, critical analysis of the sources, problem-chronological, typological analysis as well as synthesis and generalization that permit to understand a role of “troika” as a crucial instrument in the planned, systematically organized criminal campaign of grain procurement as well as in the struggle of the communist regime with acts of resistance (real or fabricated by the body of the DPU). Extrajudicial punishment with “Troika’s” involvement was demonstrated to be a tool for suppression of the national-liberation struggle of the Ukrainian people at the beginning of 1920-s in Ukraine. According to implementation of the NEP and suppression of the resistance movement, the activity of “Troikas” was ceased by a relevant order of the CPC of the Ukrainian SSR, however, it was renewed at the beginning of grain procurement campaign, and total collectivization. At that time “Troikas” should decongest the judicial branch of the United State Political Administration (ODPU) and Special Council of the ODPU from rebels and other “counter-revolutionary elements” presented by the central office and local authorities.
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