Irina Lomachinska, Petro Grebenyuk


The challenges of the modern globalizing information society are forcing the Christian confessions to give a new meaning to the value orientations of missionary activity and to improve its forms and means. Thanks to the active development of the Internet, the Christian confessions receive new opportunities not only for the implementation of missionary practices aimed at deepening spiritual values among the believers of their religious communities, but also advantages in the dissemination of religious ideas, values, beliefs among non-Christians, therefore, the purpose of the article is to determine the features of the forms and directions of evangelistic missionary practices of the Catholic and Orthodox Churches in the virtual space. The research methodology is based on the principles of non-confessionalism and worldview pluralism, with the involvement of systemic, comparative methods, analysis and synthesis. The conclusions emphasize that the problem of using network technologies for missionary activity is in constant dynamics, forcing the Catholic and Orthodox churches to actively respond not only to changes in value public orientations, but also to the active dissemination of technical innovations. The modern Christian Internet resources are focused mainly on the information function, however, the effectiveness of the missionary practices is ensured by the dominance of the communicative function. The modern Catholic missionary activity is focused on the idea of enculturation as the meeting of the Christian message with the non-Christian community in its cultural context. The Orthodox missionary activity is aimed at preserving and disseminating traditional national religious and cultural values of the Orthodox communities.


missionary activity; religious Internet communications; evangelization; missionary Internet practices; missionary service; missionary disciplemaking; concept of missionary activity

Full Text:



Arasa, D., Cantoni, L., Ruiz, L. A. (2010). Religious Internet communication Facts, Experiences and Trends in the Catholic Church. School of Church Communications Pontifical University of the Holy Cross. 250 р.

Benedict XVI (2009, Sunday, 24 May). Message of the Holy Father Benedict XVI for the 43rd World communications day. New Technologies, New Relationships. Promoting a Culture of Respect, Dialogue and Friendship. Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Retrieved from http://www.vatican.-va/content/benedict-xvi/en/messages/communications/documents/hf_ben-xvi_mes_20090124_43rd-world-communications-day.html (Accessed 19.08.2020)

Benedict XVI (2010, Sunday, 16 May) Message of His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI for the 44th World communications day. The Priest and Pastoral Ministry in a Digital World. New Media at the Service of the Word. Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Retrieved from (Accessed 19.08.2020)

Benedict XVI (2013, Sunday, 12 May) Message of His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI for the 47th World communications day. Social Networks: portals of truth and faith; new spaces for evangelization. Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Retrieved from (Accessed 19.08.2020)

Phillips, P., Lewis, B., Bruce R.K. (2013, June). Digital Communication, the Church and Mission. Church Growth. Resourcing Mission Bulletin. Retrieved from (Accessed 21.08.2020)

Francis (2013). Аpostolic exhortation evangelii gaudium of the holy father Francis to the bishops, clergy, consecrated persons and the lay faithful on the proclamation of the gospel in today’s world. Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Retrieved from (Accessed 23.08.2020)

Francis (2019, Thursday, 24 January). Message of His Holiness Pope Francis for the 53th World communications day. From social network communities to the human community. Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Retrieved from (Accessed 23.08.2020)

Ginkel, A. (2010) Missiologiya. Moskow: Missionerskiy otdel Russkoy pravoslavnoy tserkvi. 400 р. (In Russian)

Grishaeva, E. I., Shumkova, V. A. (2018). Traditionalist Orthodox Christian media: discourse structure and peculiarities of the functioning. Monitoring of Public Opinion: Economic and Social Changes, 2: 283–300. (In Russian). DOI:

John Paul II (1990). Redemptoris missio. On the permanent validity of the Church's missionary mandate. Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Retrieved from: (Accessed 11.08.2020)

Kontseptsiya missionerskoy deyatelnosti russkoy pravoslavnoy tserkvi. Onlayn biblioteka sayta Pravoslaviye i mir. Retrieved from (In Russian)

Lazutkina, E.V. (2019). Tipologiya i zhanrovo-tematicheskaya spetsifika pravoslavnykh onlaynovyh mediaproektov. Mir nauki, kultury i, obrazovaniya. 2 (75): 358 – 361 (In Russian)

Lewis, В. (2014). The Digital Age: A Challenge for Christian Discipleship? The Proceedings of the European Conference on Social Media. Retrieved from: (Accessed 09.08.2020)

Ponomariov, А. (2016). The Body of Christ Online: The Russian Orthodox Church and (Non-)Liturgical Interactivity on the Internet. In: Digital Orthodoxy in the Post-Soviet World. Stuttgart: HBZ Gateway, p.111-139.

Cantoni. L., Rapetti, E., Tardini, S., Vannini, S. (2012). Priesthood and the Internet: The International Research Picture. Comunicazione della Chiesa. Identità e Dialogo. Roma. Р.227-246. Retrieved from (Accessed 01.09.2020)

Simic, J. (2009). Religions and Churches in Front of the Challenge of Globalization. Filozofska Istrazivanja, 29(4), 745-761.

Svaton, R. (2014). Unity and Mission: Impulses for Reflection on the Relationship between Ecumenism and the Mission Activity of the Church. Studia Theologica-Czech Republic, 16(3), 72-86. doi: (Accessed 11.08.2020)

Vasilev, A. (2017). Оsobennosti pravoslavnoy missii v informatsionnom prostranstve. Vestnik Russkoy hristianskoy gumanitarnoy akademii.18 (4): 241 – 249 (In Russian)

GOST Style Citations

Copyright (c) 2020 Irina Lomachinska, Petro Grebenyuk

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

ISSN 1728-9343 (Print)

ISSN 2411-3093 (Online)