Informational dimension of HIV/AIDs problem inside Internally Displaced Persons community of Nigeria






This study examined information seeking behaviour of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Benue State with a view to understanding how to best communicate HIV/AIDS services to them as well as promote policies that could help combat child poverty. A total of 384 IDPs were sampled from four IDP centres in Benue State. The indices that were measured in this study included sources of information, motivation for information seeking, information seeking behaviour, attention to source credibility and knowledge of HIV/AIDs. To measure sources of information, the respondents were requested to provide the sources through which they receive information and also indicate the motivation for doing so. The information seeking behaviour of the respondents was accessed using by classifying the information seeking behaviour of the sample into low information seeking behaviour and high information seeking behaviour. The indices for high and low information seeking behaviour were presented to the respondents who indicated their information seeking behaviour. Attention to source credibility was measured using a dichotomous response format of ‘yes’ and ‘no’ which was used to assess source credibility. The two dimensions of that were used are trustworthiness and expertise. Therefore, the researchers asked the respondents to ascertain if they pay attention to source trustworthiness and expertise in their information seeking behaviour. Concerning the knowledge of HIV/AIDS status, the respondents were asked to report if they were aware of their HIV/AIDs status or not. They were asked to indicate their actual status because of the sensitivity of the matter. In the analysis of data for this study, the researcher used both descriptive and inferential statistics. Among the descriptive statistics, simple percentages were used while among the inferential statistics, chi-square test of independence was used. The hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The result showed that most of the IDPs get information from family and friends. Information seeking behaviour was found to have significantly associated with sources of information and motivation for seeking information. Also, perceived HIV/Aids information need was associated with information seeking behaviour. HIV/Aids status was also associated with information seeking behaviour. Finally, significant relationship exists between information seeking behaviour of consciousness of source credibility. The implications of these results on HIV/AIDs communication policies are also explored.


Agha, Sohail, Van Rossem, Ronan (2002). Impact of mass media campaigns on intentions to use the female condom in Tanzania. International Prospective on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 28 (3): 151-8.

Berlo, D. K., Lemert, J. B., & Mertz, R. J. (1969). Dimensions for evaluating the acceptability of message sources. Public Opinion Quarterly, 33(4): 563-576.

Blumler, J. G., & Katz, E. (Eds.). (1974). The uses of mass communications: Current perspectives on gratifications research. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Campbell, C. & Kwak, N. (2011). Mobile communication and civil society: Linking patterns and places of use to engagement with others in public. Human Research Communication. 37: 207-222.

Connolly, M. A., Gayer, M., Ryan, M. J., Salama, P., Spiegel, P., & Heymann, D. L. (2004). Communicable diseases in complex emergencies: Impact and challenges. Lancet. 364: 1974-83.

Dobransky, K., Hargittai, E. (2012). Inquiring minds acquiring wellness: uses of online and offline sources for health information. Health Communication. 27 (4): 331-343.

Finn, S. (1997). Origins of media exposure: Linking personality traits to TV, radio, print, and film use. Communication Research, 24: 507-529.

Grilli, R., Ramsay, C., Minozzi, S. (2002). Mass media interventions: effects on health services utilisation. Cochrane Database System Review (1). Retrieved from:

Guerrier, G., Zounoun, M., Delarosa, O., Defourny, I., Lacharite, M., Brown, V., et al. (2009). Malnutrition and mortality patterns among internally displaced and non-displaced population living in a camp, a village or a town in Eastern Chad. PLoS One, 4: 8077.

Hallyburton, A., Evarts, L. A., (2014). Gender and online health information seeking: a five survey meta-analysis. Journal of Consumer Health Internet. 18 (2): 128e142.

Hanson, C., West, J., Thackeray, R., Michael, M., Barnes, D., et al. (2014). Understanding and predicting social media use among community health Center patients: A cross-sectional survey. Journal of Medical Internet Research. 16: e270.

Harris, C. & Cochrane, L. (2009). Survey of HIV and AIDS knowledge in internally displaced persons camps in northern Uganda. International NGO Journal, 4 (5): 190-202.

Hovland, C., Janis, I., & Kelley, J. (1953). Communication and persuasion. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (2018). Global Report on Internal Displacement. Retrieved from

Julien, H. (1996). A content analysis of the recent needs and uses literature. Library and Information Science Research, 18: 53-65.

Johnson, D. J. (1997). Cancer related Information Seeking. Hampton Press, Cresskill, NJ.

Karunarathna, A. (2008). Information seeking behaviour of University Teachers in Sri Lanka in the field of management studies. Retrieved from

Larson, C. U. (1992). Persuasion: Reception and responsibility (6th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company.

Lorence, D., Park, H., (2007). Gender and online health information: a partitioned technology assessment. Health Information. Library. Journal, 24 (3): 204-209.

Luo, X. (2002). Uses and gratifications theory and e-consumer behaviours: A structural equation modeling study. Journal of Interactive Advertising, 2(2). Retrieved from

Mooney, E. (2005). The Concept of Internal Displacement and the Case for Internally Displaced Persons as a Category of Concern. Refugee Survey Quarterly, 24, (3): 17-28.

National Agency for the Control of AIDS (2017). Retrieved from

Okoro, N. & Gever, V. C. (2018). Gender differentials in mobile phone communication pattern among youth: Evidence from a qualitative study. Nsukka Journal of Foreign languages and Library Studies, 1: 133-143.

Olwedo, M. A., Mworozi, E., Bachou, H., Orach, C. G. (2008). Factors associated with malnutrition among children in internally displaced person’s camps, Northern Uganda. African Health Science, 8: 244-52.

Premium Times, (2018 January 10). Benue Killings: 80,000 internally displaced persons registered. Retrieved from¬headlines/255073-benue-killings-80000-internally-displaced-persons-registered.html

Rahman, M., Islam, R., & Rahman, M. (2010). Antenatal care seeking behaviour among slum mothers: a study of Rajshani City Corporation, Bangladesh. Clinic Basic Research, 10: 50-56.

Sambo, S. (2017). Internal displaced persons and their information needs. Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal). 1512.

Shefner-Rogers, C., Sood, S. (2010). Involving husbands in safe motherhood: effects of the SUAMI SIAGA campaign in Indonesia. Journal of Community Health Nursing. 9(3): 233-258.

Singh, M. & Singh, A. (2013). A study of media preferences and leisure time management of judges. Global Journal of Enterprise Information System, 12-17.

Singh, P. K., Rai, R. K., Alagarajan, M., & Singh, L. (2012). Determinants of maternity care services utilization among married adolescents in rural India. PLoS One. 7(2): e31666. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0031666

Ugwu, A. (2019). Perceived source credibility and public perception of information on herdsmen /farmers conflict in Nigeria. International Journal of Communication: an interdisciplinary Journal of communication Studies, 23: 1-11.

United Nations Commission on Human Rights (1992). Analytical Report of the Secretary-General on Internally Displaced Persons, UN Doc. E/CN.4/1992/23 (14 February 1992), para. 17.

United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Report of the Representative of the Secretary-General on Internally Displaced Persons: Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, UN doc. E/CN.4/1998/53/Add.2 (11 February 1998).

United Nations High Commission for Refugees (2016). Global trends forced displacement in 2016. Retrieved from

United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (2017). UNAIDS, data. Retrieved from

Wakefield, M. A., Loken, B., & Hornik, R. C. (2010). Use of mass media campaigns to change health behaviour. Lancet; 376(9748): 1261-1271. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60809-4.

Wilson, T. D. (2000). Human information behaviour. Information Science Research, 3 (2): 49-55.




How to Cite

Gever, V. C., & Ottah, G. A. (2021). Informational dimension of HIV/AIDs problem inside Internally Displaced Persons community of Nigeria. Skhid, (1(165), 41–46.



Social Philosophy