DOI: https://doi.org/10.21847/1728-9343.2020.1(165).197085

Social-ecological approach to analysis of the municipal waste utilization problem in metropolis (through the lens of philosophy and law)

Oleksandr Stovpets

Abstract


The article gives an analysis of different socio-economic, legal-organizational, info-educational, technical and technological aspects of waste treatment, and also the most used models and instruments in the realm of municipal waste management, applicable in the civilized world. A special attention is paid to the main imperfections of the existing waste treatment system in Ukraine and other countries. A comparative method helps to understand the differences, and the crucial problems in waste processing models used in developed and developing countries, in order to make necessary corrections to environmental policy, with implementation of new social-ecological, psychological, legal and economic incentives. A study of the successful waste-reducing and utilization experience of some countries gives a reason to conclude, that their governments and local authorities have created not only the expedient infrastructure for recycling, but also a proper moral-ethical background in the municipal waste management. As we hope, the most significant tools and methods of mentioned environmental policy have been unfolded in this research.

Keywords


consumption philosophy; social ecology; metropolis; eco-friendly consciousness; municipal waste treatment; utilization; recycling

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References


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GOST Style Citations


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Fan B., Yang W. T., Shen X. C. A comparison study of 'motivation-intention-behavior' model on household solid waste sorting in China and Singapore. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2019. 211. Pp. 442-454. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.11.168

Ferreira S., Cabral M., da Cruz N. F., Simoes P., Marques R. C. The costs and benefits of packaging waste management systems in Europe: the perspective of local authorities. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. 2017. 60 (5). Pp. 773-791. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2016.1181609

Folz D. H. Service quality and benchmarking the performance of municipal services. Public Administration Review. 2004. 64 (2). Pp. 209-220. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6210.2004.00362.x

Jansson A. T., Patinvoh R. J., Sárvári Horváth I., Taherzadeh M.J. Dry Anaerobic Digestion of Food and Paper Industry Wastes at Different Solid Contents. Fermentation. 2019. 5(2). P. 40. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/fermentation5020040

Mondal M. M., Speier C. J., Weichgrebe D. Multi-stage optimization approach for sustainable municipal solid waste collection systems in urban areas of Asia's newly industrialized countries. Environmental Management. 2019. 63 (4). Pp. 536-553. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-018-1130-6

Municipal waste management across European countries (2016). European Environmental Agency (EEA), 14 November 2016. URL: https://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/waste/waste-management/municipal-waste-management-across-european-countries

Municipal waste statistics 2018 (Municipal waste generated, 2005 and 2018, kg per capita). EUROSTAT, Data extracted in June 2019. URL: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Municipal_waste_statistics

Nielsen C. J. Recycling: processes, costs, and benefits. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2011. 426 pages. P. 83.

Nongpluh Y. S., Noronha G. C. Know all about: reduce, reuse, recycle. New Delhi: The Energy and Resource Institute, 2013. 140 p.

Offenhuber D., Lee D., Wolf M. I., Phithakkitnukoon S., Biderman A., Ratti C. Putting Matter in Place Measuring Tradeoffs in Waste Disposal and Recycling. Journal of the American Planning Association. 2012. 78 (2). Pp. 173-196. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01944363.2012.677120

On the principles of monitoring, reporting and verification of greenhouse gas emissions: The Law of Ukraine № 377-IX, 12.12.2019. The Law will come into force on January 1, 2021. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/377-20

Pellow D. N., Park L. S.-H. Garbage Wars: The Struggle for Environmental Justice in Chicago. Cambridge (MA): MIT Press, 2004. 256 pages. P. 188-189.

Pellow D. N., Weinberg A., Schnaiberg A. Urban Recycling and the search for sustainable community development. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000. 232 pages. P. 36.

Recycling rate of municipal waste (% recycled of total municipal waste generated) in 2018. EUROSTAT, 2018. URL: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&language=en&pcode=sdg_11_60&plugin=1

Thyberg K. L., Tonjes D. J. A Management Framework for Municipal Solid Waste Systems and Its Application to Food Waste Prevention. Systems. 2015. 3 (3). Pp. 133-151. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/systems3030133

Treadwell M. L., Bennett E. M., Clark O. G. The role of management instruments in the diversion of organic municipal solid waste and phosphorus recycling. Facets. 2018. 3. Pp. 896-919. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/facets-2018-0005

Wu K. M., Zhang J. Y. Living with Waste Becoming "Free" As Waste Pickers in Chinese Cities. China Perspectives. 2019-2. Pp. 67-74. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4000/chinaperspectives.9184







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