Discourse of manipulation of consciousness in literary works of A. Huxley and the Strugatsky brothers. Analogies with modernity





manipulation of consciousness, “mass-man”, “T Era”, “The Final Circle of Paradise”, “Noon”, socio-philosophical views, dystopia, personality degradation, belief, mass humility


In the article the author shows how literary works of the utopian and dystopian genre can serve as a source of scientific, in particular, socio-philosophical analysis of social phenomena. Interested in the phenomenon of manipulation of the mass consciousness, the author searches among writers for those who depict it with vivid artistic imagery. Aldous Huxley, Arkady and Boris Strugatsky and their corresponding works: “Brave New World”, “The Inhabited Island”, “Noon: 22nd Century” etc. are considered. These authors carefully and comprehensively build a dynamic picture of public relations and the state of public institutions, both during public calm and in the situation of the invasive war. Through the use of a number of scientific methods, it was discovered that the writers showed manipulation of the mass consciousness quite mature in terms of sociology, social philosophy, religious studies and social psychology. Their fundamental vision of instrumental influence on the masses of people is identical with the scientific one. The same applies to the approach to demonstrating modifications of the institute of public morality, religion, pedagogy and education for influencing the population. The author concludes particularly about the similarity of the modern manipulative political influence on the citizens of Ukraine to the influence existing in the Aldous Huxley’s world of total consumption, the degradation of the Christian morality. In turn, the militaristic treatment of the population, shown by the Strugatsky brothers, is identical to the propaganda that is taking place today within the Russian Federation. It is emphasized that the particular usefulness of analyzing literary works of this type is in addition to a purely rational picture, which is given by the scientific knowledge, and acquaintance with these works may initiate relevant scientific intelligence to trace parallels and analogies.

Author Biography

Vitaliy Biletskyy, Vasyl Stus Donetsk National University

Candidat of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor


Biletskyi, Vitaliy (2017). Moralno-intelektualne vidrodzhennya vitchyznyanoho suspilstva - ? Proceedings of the All-Ukrainian Scientific and Practical Conference with International Participation on the 80th Anniversary of Donetsk University Establishment (Vinnitsa, April 4-5, 2017). Vinnitsa: FF Korzun, pp. 202 - 206. (In Ukrainian)

Biletskyi, Vitaliy (2018). Manipulyatyvni praktyky na tli hibrydnoyi viyny. Kyiv: Khalikov Publisher, 166 p. (In Ukrainian)

Biletskyi, Vitaliy (2019). Politychnyy vybir yak indykator mentalnoyi zrilosti suspilstva. Proceedings of the Ukrainian Scientific and Practical Conference "Philosophical Reflections of Contemporary Worldview Discourses" April 19-20, 2019. Vinnytsia: Korzun Publisher: 33-37 (In Ukrainian)

Biletskyi, Vitaliy (2019). Political agitation and state of mental maturity of the domestic society. Skhid. 3 (161): 53-56. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21847/1728-9343.2019.3(161).171721

Dodonov (ed.) and others. (2017). Hybrid war: in verbo et in praxi. Vinnytsia: Nilan Ltd, 412 p. (In Ukrainian)

Huxley, Aldous (2014). O divnyy novyy mir [Oh brave new world]. Moscow: АСТ, 288 p. (In Russian)

Kara-Murza, S. (2005). Manipulyatsiya soznaniyem. Moscow: Eksmo, 832 p. (In Russian)

Strugatsky, Arkady and Strugatsky, Boris (2016). Khishchnyye veshchi veka [Predatory things of the century]. Moscow: ACT, 256 p. (In Russian)

Strugatsky, Arkady and Strugatsky, Boris (2016). Polden, XXII vek [Noon, XXII century]. Moscow: AST Publishing House, 352 p. (In Russian)

Strugatsky, Arkady and Strugatsky, Boris (2018). Obitayemyy ostrov [Inhabited island]. Moscow: ACT, Neoclassic, 480 p. (In Russian)

Struhatskyi, V. (2016). Aggressive technologic impact on mass consciousness against the background of East Ukrainian conflict. Setting the stage and first myths. Skhid, 3(143). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21847/1728-9343.2016.3(143).74859 (In Ukrainian)

Struhatskyi, V. (2016). Aggressive technologic influence on mass conscience against the background of the East Ukrainian conflict. Mythology of the military phase. Skhid, 4(144), 92-100. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21847/1728-9343.2016.4(144).78100 (In Ukrainian)




How to Cite

Biletskyy, V. (2021). Discourse of manipulation of consciousness in literary works of A. Huxley and the Strugatsky brothers. Analogies with modernity. Skhid, (1(165), 29–34. https://doi.org/10.21847/1728-9343.2020.1(165).197017



Social Philosophy