DOI: https://doi.org/10.21847/1728-9343.2019.5(163).182481

Enhancing National Security through Internet Broadcasting: benefits and limitations

Ambrose Igboke

Abstract


The article is dedicated to the evaluation of the potential of Internet Broadcasting for the strengthening the national security system of the state. The importance of this problem is caused by the security priorities, which the stability of the political system of the state, life, health and welfare of the nation depend on. The author makes his theoretical conclusions on the basis of an empirical research conducted in three regions of Nigeria. This African country has many national security issues: religious conflicts, terrorism, banditry, kidnapping, separatism, including the Biafra Sovereign Movement in the Southeast, “Boko Haram” activity in the north and Niger Delta fighters, as well as starvation, impoverishment, communal strife, conflict between pastoralists and farmers, the weakness of the federal government, lack of medical services, unemployment and so forth. The hypothesis is that Internet broadcasting significantly contributes to the solving of these problems. Scientific tasks that are accomplished in the research are: a) determining of the extent to which Internet broadcasting can enhance national security in Nigeria; b) ascertain the benefits and c) investigate the limitations of using the Internet broadcasting for solving national security problems. A sample of 384 was drawn from three states of Enugu, Abia and Anambra through a multi-stage sampling technique. In the analysis of data for the study, SPSS version 22 was used while simple percentages, mean and standard deviation were used as statistical tools. The result of this study showed that 52% of the respondents reported that Internet broadcasting can promote national security to a large extent. The respondents mentioned better speed, accessibility, a wider reach than TV, usability as benefits of Internet broadcasting. On the other hand, the limitations of the Internet broadcasting are: Internet broadcasting cannot be accessed by people without Internet skills; expensive gadgets needed for access; relatively short term of gadget’s power etc. Analyzing conclusions of the research, the author reflects on the Technological Determinism theory, Safe Nigeria model and Nigeria’s national security objectives. Practical recommendations about the improvement of the national security system of Nigeria through the creation of conducive environment for Internet broadcasting are given.

Keywords


benefit; limitations; Internet Broadcasting; National Security; Nigeria

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References


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GOST Style Citations


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Asemah E. S. Selected Mass Media Themes. Jos: University Press, 2011.

 

Babbie E. The Practice of Social Research (12thed). US: Wadsworth Publishing, 2010.

 

Ebeh J. I. National Security and National Development. A Critique. 2015. 4(2), pp. 1-14

 

Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999): Constitution of the Federal of Nigeria and Fundamental Rights Enforcement Procedure Rules. Abuja: Federal Republic of Nigeria, 2008

 

Gever V. C. Questioning the Safe School Initiative and Making a Case for a Safe Nigerra Model; The Media as the Nucleus. Sokoto Journal of the Social Sciences. 2016. No 6(6), pp. 1-17.

 

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Giannakos M. N., Vlamos P. Educational Webcasts’ Acceptance: Empirical Examination and the Role of Experience. British Journal of Educational Technology. 2013. Issue 44, No (1), pp. 125-143.

 

Human Rights Watch. “Those Terrible Weeks in their Camp” Boko Haram violence against Women and Girls in Northeast Nigeria. Human Rights Watch, 2014.

 

Institute for Peace and Economic. 2014. Global Terrorism Report. Measuring and Understanding the Impact of Terrorism. URL: http://economicsandpeace.­org/wp content/uploads/2011/09/Terrorism-Index-Report.pdf (Accessed 14.11.2018)

 

Internet Live Stat (2016). http://www.webat25.org/news/webfacts

 

Leask L., Clairr C., King C. Media Coverage of Health Issues and How to Work More Effectively with Journalists: A Qualitative Study. Public Health, 2010. Pp. 1-7.

 

McLuhan M. Understanding Media, Routledge, London, 1964.

 

McQuail D. Mass communication Theory. London, UK: SAGE Publications, 2005.

 

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Owolabi T., O’neill E. Mass Media, Governance and Poverty Reduction Strategy in Nigeria: A Role Evaluation. British Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, 2014. Issue 17 (I), pp. 62-74.

 

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