DOI: https://doi.org/10.21847/1728-9343.2019.5(163).181775

What Impostors Phenomenon and Fear of Success talk about Indian School Education?: An Empirical Study

Amrendra Kumar Singh

Abstract


The present paper traces the status of impostors in school education in India. Moreover, the paper assesses the level of fear of success among the adolescents which creates undue pressure on the students to excel and compete with their peers. The sole objective of the school educational system has turned out to be job oriented as the numbers of quality educational institutions are very less which ensures better career prospects for the students.  A group of n = 140 high school students were chosen for the current study. The variables like, family background, gender, educational level, age etc do have relationships with impostor phenomenon and fear of success. The results of the study justifies the scenario wherein high achievement in comprehensive examinations is directly proportionate to fear of success as the high achievers demonstrated different values than the low achievers. The results also indicate that the students with fear of success have equal ability to achieve academically as well as in non- academic tasks. Moreover, the impostors show direct relationship with fear of success. The study proposes the need of more intervention programs and a educational policies which ensures multi-dimensional counseling programs to meet all the attributes of success/ performance fearing individuals.    


Keywords


Impostor phenomenon; fear of success; school education; India; Regression analysis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arehart-Treichel, J. (2002). Mental illness on rise on college campuses. Psychiatric News. 37(6), 6-38.

Barnett, D. L. (1992). Fear of success. Unpublished master's thesis. Hays: Fort Hays State University.

Becker-Weidman, E. G., Reinecke, M. A., Jacobs, R. H., Martinovich, Z., Silva, S. G., & March, J. S. (2009). Predictors of hopelessness among clinically depressed youth. Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy. 37. 267-291.

Bernard, N. S., Dollinger, S. J., & Ramaniah, N. V. (2002). Applying the big five personality factors to the impostor phenomenon. Journal of Personality Assessment. 78(2), 321-333.

Bernstein, G. A., & Borchardt, C. M. (1991). Anxiety disorders of childhood and adolescence: A critical review. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 30. 519-532.

Boyd, C. P., Kostanski, M., Gullone, E., Ollendick, T. H., & Shek, D. T. L. (2000). Prevalence of anxiety and depression in Australian adolescents: Comparisons with worldwide data. The Journal of Genetic Psychology. 161. 479-492.

Bussotti, C. (1990). The impostor phenomenon: Family roles and environment. (Doctoral dissertation, Georgia State University). Dissertation Abstracts International. 51. 4041B-4042B.

Business Standard (2012). 75000 students committed suicides in India between 2007 and 2016: Study, published dated March 11, 2018. www.business-standard.com/articles/current-affairs

Chan M., Hellman and Tonia D., Caselman (2004). A Psychometric Evaluation of the Harvey Imposter Phenomenon Scale, Journal of Personality Assessment. 83(2). 161-66.

Clance, P. R. (1985). The Impostor Phenomenon: Overcoming the fear that haunts your success. Atlanta, GA: Peachtree.

Clance, P. R., Dingman, D., Reviere, S. L., & Stober, D. R. (1995). Impostor Phenomenon in an interpersonal/social context: Origins and treatment. Women and Therapy. 16(4). 79-96.

Clance, P. R., & Imes, S. A. (1978). The impostor phenomenon in high achieving women: Dynamics and therapeutic intervention. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, and Practice. 15(3). 241-247.

Clance, P. R., & Toole, M. A. (1988). The impostor phenomenon: An internal barrier to empowerment and achievement. Women and Therapy. 6(3). 51-64.

D’Mello, P. (1997). November, Forcing kids to be counterproductive. The Tribune. 17.

Essau, C. A., Conradt, J., & Petermann, F. (2000). Frequency, co-morbidity and psychosocial impairment of anxiety disorders in German adolescents. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 14, 263-279.

Fried-Buchalter, S. (1992). Fear of success, fear of failure, and the impostor phenomenon among male and female marketing managers. Sex Roles. 37(11-12), 847-859.

Harvey and Katz. (2008). If I’m So Successful, Why Do I Feel like a Fake? The Impostor Phenomenon, 114.

Harvey, J. C. (1981). The impostor phenomenon an achievement: A failure to internalize success (Doctoral dissertation, Temple University). Dissertation Abstracts International. 42. 4969B.

Topping, M. E., & Kimmel, E. B. (1985). The impostor phenomenon: Feeling phony. Academic Psychology Bulletin, 7, 213-226.

Neal, J. G. (2006). Raised by Wolves: Integrating the New Generation of Feral Professionals into the Academic Library, Library Journal, 131 (3), 42-44.

Newhouse, R., & April, S. (2004). Fixing the First Job, Library Journal, 129(13), 44-46.

Kets de Vries. (2005). The Dangers of Feeling like a Fake, Harvard Business Review, 83(9), 108-16.

Ross, S. R., Stewart, J., Mugge, M., & Fultz, B. (2001). The imposter phenomenon, achievement dispositions, and the Five Factor Model. Personality and Individual Differences, 31(8), 1347-1355. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00228-2

Kolligian, J., Jr., & Sternberg, R. J. (1991). Perceived Fraudulence in young adults: Is there an Imposter Syndrome? Journal of Personality Assessment, 56(2), 308-326.

Narang, S. K. (1994). Mental health and school children. PTA Magazine, 32(10), 23-28.

Rachel Singer Gordon (2003). Overcoming the Systems Librarian Imposter Syndrome, LIBRES: Library and Information Science Research Electronic Journal, 13(2), available online at https://libres.curtin.edu.au/libres13n2/ess&op_singer_gordon.htm [accessed 5 January 2010].

Rangaswamy, K. (1982). Tension headache in adolescents. Journal of Psychological Researchers, 26(2), 70-72.

Shah, B. (1991). Adolescents’ school adjustment: The effect of family climate. Indian Educational Review, 26(1), 88-95.

Sonnak, C., & Towell, T. (2001). The impostor phenomenon in British university students: Relationships between self-esteem, mental health, parental rearing style and socioeconomic status. Personality and Individual Differences, 31(6), 863-874.

Verma, S. Sharma, D., & Larson, R. W. (2002). School stress in India: Effects on time and daily emotions. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 26(6), 500-508.

Varma, P. K. (1998). The great Indian middle class. New Delhi: Penguin

Lee, M., & Larson, R. (2000). Impact of the Korean ‘examination hell’ on adolescent’s daily experience and depression. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 29(1), 249-272.

As much as exam for parents. The Tribune (1999, March 8), p. 4.

Crime in India (2008). National Crime Records Bureau. Retrieved from http://ncrb.nic.in/cii2008/cii-2008/figure%20at%20a%20glance.pdf

Ganesh, M. P., & Magdalin, S. (2007). Perceived problems and academic stress in children of disrupted and non-disrupted families. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 33(1), 53-59.

Scott R. Ross and Rebecca A. Krukowski (2003). The Imposter Phenomenon and Maladaptive Personality: Type and Trait Characteristics. Personality and Individual Differences, 34(3), 477-84.

Sibnath Deb, Esben Strodl, Jiandong Sun. (2015). Academic Stress, Parental Pressure, Anxiety and Mental Health among Indian High School Students, International Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 5(1), 26-34. DOI: 10.5923/j.ijpbs.20150501.04.

Smith, M., Calam, R., & Bolton, C. (2009). Psychological factors linked to self-reported depression symptoms in late adolescence. Behavioral and Cognitive Psychology, 37(1), 73-85.

Tomb, M., & Hunter, L. (2004). Prevention of anxiety in children and adolescents in a school setting: The role of school-based practitioners. Children and Schools, 26, 87-95.

Topping, M. E., & Kimmel, E. B. (1985). The impostor phenomenon: Feeling phony. Academic Psychology Bulletin, 7(1), 213-226.

Topping, M. E. (1983). The impostor phenomenon: A study of its construct and incidence in university faculty members. (Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida). Dissertation Abstracts International, 44, 1948B-1949B.

Verma, S., Singh, M. B. (1998). Perceived causes of behavior problems among Indian adolescents. Psycholingua, 28(2), 151-158.


GOST Style Citations


Arehart-Treichel J. Mental illness on rise on college campuses. Psychiatric News. 2002. 37(6), 6-38.

 

Barnett D. L. Fear of success. Unpublished master's thesis. Hays: Fort Hays State University, 1992.

 

Becker-Weidman E. G., Reinecke M. A., Jacobs R. H., Martinovich Z., Silva S. G., & March J. S. Predictors of hopelessness among clinically depressed youth. Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy. 2009. 37. 267-291.

 

Bernard N. S., Dollinger S. J. & Ramaniah N. V. Applying the big five personality factors to the impostor phenomenon. Journal of Personality Assessment. 2002. 78(2), 321-333.

 

Bernstein G. A., Borchardt C. M. Anxiety disorders of childhood and adolescence: A critical review. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 1991. 30. 519-532.

 

Boyd C. P., Kostanski M., Gullone E., Ollendick T. H. & Shek D. T. L. Prevalence of anxiety and depression in Australian adolescents: Comparisons with worldwide data. The Journal of Genetic Psychology. 2000. 161. 479-492.

 

Bussotti C. The impostor phenomenon: Family roles and environment. (Doctoral dissertation, Georgia State University). Dissertation Abstracts International. 1990. 51. 4041B-4042B.

 

Business Standard. 75000 students committed suicides in India between 2007 and 2016: Study, published dated March 11, 2018. URL www.business-standard.com/articles/current-affairs

 

Chan M. Hellman and Tonia D. Caselman. A Psychometric Evaluation of the Harvey Imposter Phenomenon Scale, Journal of Personality Assessment. 2004. 83(2). 161-66.

 

Clance P. R. The Impostor Phenomenon: Overcoming the fear that haunts your success. Atlanta, GA: Peachtree, 1985.

 

Clance P. R., Dingman D., Reviere S. L. & Stober D. R. Impostor Phenomenon in an interpersonal/social context: Origins and treatment. Women and Therapy. 1995. 16(4). 79-96.

 

Clance P. R., Imes S. A. The impostor phenomenon in high achieving women: Dynamics and therapeutic intervention. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, and Practice. 1978. 15(3). 241-247.

 

Clance P. R. & Toole M. A. The impostor phenomenon: An internal barrier to empowerment and achievement. Women and Therapy. 1988. 6(3). 51-64.

 

D’Mello P. November, Forcing kids to be counterproductive. The Tribune. 1997. 17.

 

Essau C. A., Conradt J., Petermann F. Frequency, co-morbidity and psychosocial impairment of anxiety disorders in German adolescents. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 2000. 14, 263-279.

 

Fried-Buchalter S. Fear of success, fear of failure, and the impostor phenomenon among male and female marketing managers. Sex Roles. 1992. 37(11-12). 847-859.

 

Harvey and Katz. If I’m So Successful, Why Do I Feel like a Fake? The Impostor Phenomenon, 2008. 114.

 

Harvey J. C. The impostor phenomenon an achievement: A failure to internalize success (Doctoral dissertation, Temple University). Dissertation Abstracts International. 1981. 42. 4969B.

 

Topping M. E., Kimmel E. B. The impostor phenomenon: Feeling phony. Academic Psychology Bulletin, 1985. 7, 213-226.

 

James G. Neal. Raised by Wolves: Integrating the New Generation of Feral Professionals into the Academic Library, Library Journal. 2006. 131(3), 42-44.

 

Newhouse R., April S. Fixing the First Job, Library Journal, 2004. 129(13), 44-46.

 

Kets de Vries. The Dangers of Feeling like a Fake, Harvard Business Review, 2005. 83(9), 108-16.

 

Ross S. R., Stewart J., Mugge M. & Fultz B. The imposter phenomenon, achievement dispositions, and the Five Factor Model. Personality and Individual Differences, 2001. 31(8), 1347-1355. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00228-2

 

Kolligian J. Jr., Sternberg R. J. Perceived Fraudulence in young adults: Is there an Imposter Syndrome? Journal of Personality Assessment, 1991. 56(2), 308-326.

 

Narang S. K. Mental health and school children. PTA Magazine, 1994. 32(10), 23-28.

 

Rachel Singer Gordon. Overcoming the Systems Librarian Imposter Syndrome, LIBRES: Library and Information Science Research Electronic Journal, 2003. 13(2).

 

Rangaswamy K. Tension headache in adolescents. Journal of Psychological Researchers, 1982. 26(2), 70-72.

 

Shah B. Adolescents’ school adjustment: The effect of family climate. Indian Educational Review, 1991. 26(1), 88-95.

 

Sonnak C., Towell T. The impostor phenomenon in British university students: Relationships between self-esteem, mental health, parental rearing style and socioeconomic status. Personality and Individual Differences, 2001. 31(6), 863-874.

 

Verma S., Sharma D., Larson R. W. School stress in India: Effects on time and daily emotions. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2002. 26(6), 500-508.

 

Varma P. K. The great Indian middle class. New Delhi: Penguin, 1998.

 

Lee M. Larson R. Impact of the Korean ‘examination hell’ on adolescent’s daily experience and depression. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 2000. 29(1), 249-272.

 

As much as exam for parents. The Tribune (1999, March 8), p. 4.

 

Crime in India National Crime Records Burea, 2008. URL http://ncrb.nic.in/cii2008/cii-2008/figure%20at%20a%20glance.pdf

 

Ganesh M. P., Magdalin S. Perceived problems and academic stress in children of disrupted and non-disrupted families. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 2007. 33(1), 53-59.

 

Scott R. Ross and Rebecca A. Krukowski. The Imposter Phenomenon and Maladaptive Personality: Type and Trait Characteristics. Personality and Individual Differences, 2003. 34(3), 477-84.

 

Sibnath Deb, Esben Strodl, Jiandong Sun. Academic Stress, Parental Pressure, Anxiety and Mental Health among Indian High School Students, International Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 2015. 5(1), 26-34. DOI: 10.5923/j.ijpbs.20150501.04.

 

Smith M., Calam R., Bolton C. Psychological factors linked to self-reported depression symptoms in late adolescence. Behavioral and Cognitive Psychology, 2009. 37(1), 73-85.

 

Tomb M., Hunter L. Prevention of anxiety in children and adolescents in a school setting: The role of school-based practitioners. Children and Schools, 2004. 26, 87-95.

 

Topping M. E., Kimmel E. B. The impostor phenomenon: Feeling phony. Academic Psychology Bulletin, 1985. 7(1), 213-226.

 

Topping M. E. The impostor phenomenon: A study of its construct and incidence in university faculty members. (Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida). Dissertation Abstracts International, 1983. 44, 1948B-1949B.

 

Verma S., Singh M. B. Perceived causes of behavior problems among Indian adolescents. Psycholingua, 1998. 28(2), 151-158.







Copyright (c) 2019 Amrendra Singh

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

ISSN 1728-9343 (Print)

ISSN 2411-3093 (Online)