DOI: https://doi.org/10.21847/1728-9343.2019.5(163).180789

Philosophical perspective on the humanization through a prism of the civilizing process (based on socio-anthropological ideas of N. Elias and M. Foucault)

Inna Sajtarly, Olena Ishchenko

Abstract


The purpose of this publication is to considering the relationship between humanization and civilizing process, informing by Elias’s and Foucault’s studies. Theoretical basis of this research is founded on comparative analysis, phenomenological approach and generalization. Originality of this exploration is to the discovering of the similarities and also differences in Elias’s and Foucault’s viewpoints on civilizing process in the context of clarifying the basic meanings of humanization. Conclusions. As we believe one can point to some similarity in anthropological and sociocultural views of Elias and Foucault. First and foremost, both of them supported the thesis about of mutability of so-called human nature, that is, its conditionality by structural social changes. Secondly, Elias and Foucault are confident in that the history of cultures (“civilizations”) is to the history of institutional struggle against human impulses and drives with a goal of their “modeling” in accordance with conventional social imperatives. Not only Elias, but also Foucault’s post-structuralism call under question the civilizational interpretation of culture as such, that is any attempt to perspective on culture as a product exclusively of certain religious ideals and tradition. Elias proved convincingly that culture also depends on real social landscape, essential transformation of that does impact on essential transformation entire value system. And finally, within framework of these studies, the cultures are considered from point of view the degree of their civilizing in the sense of “humanizing”, that is defined by them, first of all, as a long process of rationalization of behavioral patterns in terms of the strengthen of affective control and self-constraint, and also as cultivating a specific aversion to the pain in its both physiological and moral meanings. In other words, the attitude of society and its culture to violence is the most significant marker of the level of its civilization, hence its humanization.

Keywords


civilizing process; humanism; humanization; culture; genealogy; power discourse; discipline; rationality

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References


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Sajtarly, I. (2019). The psychological structure of individual as a subject matter of the postmodern socio-cultural analysis. Herald of Kyiv National University of trade and economics, 1 (123), 69-79. doi.org./10.31617/visnik.knute.2019(123)06 (in English)

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GOST Style Citations


Binkley S., Dolan P., Ernst S. & Wouters C. The Planned and the Unplanned: A roundtable discussion on the legacies of Michel Foucault and Norbert Elias. Foucault Studies. 2010. vol. 8: P. 53-77.

 

Cavalletto G. Crossing the Psycho-Social Divide (Freud, Weber, Adorno and Elias). London: Routledge, 2016. 300 p.

 

Chita Dan Alexandru. The Birth of the Subject: Michel Foucault and Norbert Elias. Hermeneia: Journal of Hermeneutics, Art Theory & Criticism. 2012. Issue 12. P. 163-177.

 

Элиас Н. О происхождении цивилизации. Социогенетические и психогенетические исследования. М.; СПб.: Университетская книга, 2001. Т. 1. 2001. 332 с.

 

Элиас Н. О происхождении цивилизации. Социогенетические и психогенетические исследования. М.; СПб.: Университетская книга, 2001. Т. 2. 2001. 382 с.

 

Іщенко О. М. Соціоструктурна зумовленість європейської культурної традиції. Вісник Київського національно-економічного університету. 2016. №2 (106). С. 96-108.

 

Jimenez-Lopes E. Constructive exploration among minds that recognize the civilizing Crisis: Searching to create a humanized civilization. IS4IS 2017. GOTHENBURG-CONFERENCE FLYER.

 

Paulle B., Emirbayer M. Beneath rationalization: Elias, Foucault, and the body. European Journal of Social Theory. 2016. vol.19. P. 39-56. doi.org. /10.1177/1368431015602355

 

Sajtarly I. The psychological structure of individual as a subject matter of the postmodern socio-cultural analysis. Herald of Kyiv National University of trade and economics. 2019. № 1 (123). P. 69-79. doi.org./10.31617/visnik.knute.2019(123)06

 

Foucault M. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison; [translated from the French by Alan Sheridan]. New York: Pantheon Books, 1977. 333 p.







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