DOI: https://doi.org/10.21847/1728-9343.2019.1(159).157482

Peace Education to Manage Institutional Conflict at Addis Ababa University

Yoseph Woubalem Wereta

Abstract


The purpose of this research was to investigate conflict in Addis Ababa University (AAU) and thoroughly understand the conflict by identifying related factors: causes, nature and measures taken. Having explored all these factors the purpose extends to recommend peace education as a new intervention to resolve conflict in AAU. As a method of conflict prevention, the author offers the social technology Peace education, which means cultivating values, disseminating knowledge, developing relationships, skills and behavior aimed at achieving peace and harmony with oneself, with others and with the natural environment. The article provides practical advice and guidance on conflict management at universities.

Keywords


Conflict; Conflict Management; Peace Education; University; Addis Ababa; Ethiopia

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References


Abdulghani Muthanna & Guoyuan Sang (2018). Conflict at higher education institutions: factors and solutions for Yemen. Journal of Comparative and International Education, 48:2, 206-223. DOI: 10.1080/03057925.2017.1298434 (in English)

Adeyemi, T. & Ademilu, S. (2012). Conflict Management Strategies and Administrative Effectiveness in Nigerian Universities. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies. 3 (3): 368-375. (in English)

Alquraan, M. F. (2014). A Cross-Cultural Study of Students’ Perceptions of Assessment Practices in Higher Education. Education, Business and Society: Contemporary Middle Eastern. Issues 7 (4): 293-315. DOI: 10.1108/ebs-08-2014-0044 (in English)

Anstey, M. (2013). Practical Peace Making. Cape Town: Shumani Digital.

Khan, B. & Bibi, Z. (2012). An inquiry into conflict management strategies: Study of higher education institutions of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Research Journal of Social Science and Management, (2) 5. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED538331.pdf (in English)

Broni, A. (2012). Conflict management in Ghanaian Schools: A Case study of the role of leadership of Winneba Senior High School. International Journal of Educational Planning & Administration, 2(2). Retrieved from https://www.ripublication.com/ijepa/ijepav2n2_02.pdf (in English)

Chelule, E. (2014). Impediments to implementation of peace education in public universities in Kenya. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 19(3). DOI: 10.9790/0837-1932174185 (in English)

Alimba, Chinyere, N. (2013). Peace education, transformation of higher education and youth empowerment for peace in Africa. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 2(12): 338-347. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.432.6342&rep=rep1&type=pdf (in English)

Datzberger, S. (2017). Peacebuilding through non-formal education programmes: a case study from Karamoja, Uganda, International Peacekeeping, 24:2, 326-349. DOI: 10.1080/13533312.2016.1214073. (in English)

Demir, S. (2011). An overview of peace education in Turkey: Definitions, difficulties, and suggestions: A qualitative analysis. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, (11) 4. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ962672.pdf (in English)

Di Manna, L. (2012). Exploring opportunities for conflict resolution in higher education. Unpublished doctoral thesis. Minneapolis: Walden University.

Etim, N & Okey, S. (2013). Conflict management in the Nigerian university system. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 3 (8): 17-25. DOI: 10.5901/jesr.2013.v3n8p17. (in English)

Harris, M. (2004). Peace education theory. Journal of Peace Education, 1 (1): 5-20. DOI: 10.1080/1740020032000178276. (in English)

Koklu, M. (2012). Participations in decision-making, desires for participation, job satisfactions and conflict management styles of secondary education teachers. Journal of Education and Science, 37 (165): 1-16.

Majola, V. (2013). The role of the school governing body (SGB) in conflict management: A case study. Unpublished master’s dissertation. Pretoria: University of South Africa.

Miall, H. (2004). Conflict Transformation: A Multi-Dimensional Task. In: Austin A., Fischer M., Ropers N. (eds) Transforming Ethnopolitical Conflict. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-663-05642-3_4. (in English)

National Open University of Nigeria. (2009). Introduction to conflict resolution processes. Lagos: National Open University of Nigeria.

Nwafor, N. (2012). Peace education and national development: A critical appraisal. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 3 (11). Retrieved from https://iiste.org/Journals/index.php/JEDS/article/viewFile/3840/3894 (in English)

Oladitan, O. I., Ajibua, M. A., Fashogbon, B. A. & Ajayi, M. O. (2014). Influence of leadership style on interpersonal conflict management among teaching and non-teaching staff in secondary schools in Osun State, Nigeria. Higher Education of Social Science, 6 (1): 39-44. DOI: 10.3968/j.hess.1927024020140601.2955. (in English)

Posigha, E & Oghuvwu, V. (2009). Conflict among library staff in Bayelsa and delta State of Nigeria. International Journal of Labour and Organisational Psychology, 3(1&2).

Sujatmiko, I. (2012). Conflict transformation and social reconciliation: The case of Aceh, Indonesia. Asian Social Science, 8 (2). DOI: 10.5539/ass.v8n2p104 (in English)

Rahim, A. (2010). Managing conflict in organizations. Westport: Greenwood. Retrieved from http://www.untag-smd.ac.id/files/Perpustakaan_Digital_1/CONFLICT%20MANAGEMENT%20Managing%20conflict%20in%20organizations.pdf (in English)

Robbins, S. and Judge, T. (2013). Essentials of organizational behavior. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education. Retrieved from https://www.pearson.com/us/higher-education/product/Robbins-Essentials-of-Organizational-Behavior-13th-Edition/9780133920819.html (in English)

Salomon, G. & Cairns, E. (eds.) (2010). Handbook on peace education. New York: Psychology Press.

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, House of Peoples’ Representative. (1994). Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa: Birehanena Selam Printing Press.

Yonas, Adaye (2018). Peacebuilding through Peace Education in the Horn of Africa: A transformative cosmopolitan Perspective. In: Peacebuilding in Contemporary Africa. In Search of Alternative Strategies. Ed. by K. Omeje. Routledge, 226 p. (in English).

Van Vuuren, H. J., Van der Westhuizen, P. C., & Van der Walt, J. L. (2012). Themanagement of diversity in schools: International Journal of Educational Development, 32(1), 155-162. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2010.11.005 (in English)

Vaessen, B. Antoine van den Beemt, Gerard van de Watering, Ludo W. van Meeuwen, Lex Lemmens & Perry den Brok (2017). Students’ perception of frequent assessments and its relation to motivation and grades in a statistics course: a pilot study, Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 42: 6, 872-886. DOI: 10.1080/02602938.2016.1204532 (in English)

Watson, N., Watson, K., Stanley, C. (2017). Conflict Management and Dialogue in Higher Education A Global Perspective (2nd Edition). Texas A&M University. Beverly Irby, Texas A&M University.

Williams, F. (2011). Interpersonal conflict: The importance of clarifying manifest conflict behavior. International Journal of Business, Humanities & Technology, 1 (3):148-160.

Mayer, B. (2012). The dynamics of conflict. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Wintersteiner, W. (2013). Building a global community for a culture of peace: The Hague Appeal for Peace Global Campaign for Peace Education (1999-2006). Journal of Peace Education, 10 (2): 138-156 DOI: 10.1080/17400201.2013.790250 (in English)


GOST Style Citations


Abdulghani Muthanna & Guoyuan Sang. Conflict at higher education institutions: factors and solutions for Yemen. Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2018. 48:2, 206-223. DOI: 10.1080/03057925.2017.1298434.

 

Adeyemi T. & Ademilu S. Conflict Management Strategies and Administrative Effectiveness in Nigerian Universities. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies. 2012. 3 (3): 368-375.

 

Alquraan M. F. A Cross-Cultural Study of Students’ Perceptions of Assessment Practices in Higher Education. Education, Business and Society: Contemporary Middle Eastern. 2014. Issues 7 (4): 293-315. DOI: 10.1108/ebs-08-2014-0044.

 

Anstey M. Practical Peace Making, Cape Town: Shumani Digital, 2013.

 

Khan B. & Bibi Z. An inquiry into conflict management strategies: Study of higher education institutions of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Research Journal of Social Science and Management, 2012. (2) 5. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED538331.pdf (дата звернення 19.06.2018).

 

Broni A. Conflict management in Ghanaian Schools: A Case study of the role of leadership of Winneba Senior High School. International Journal of Educational Planning & Administration, 2012. 2(2). Retrieved from https://www.ripublication.com/ijepa/ijepav2n2_02.pdf (дата звернення 11.09.2018).

 

Chelule E. Impediments to implementation of peace education in public universities in Kenya. Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2014. 19(3). DOI: 10.9790/0837-1932174185

 

Alimba Chinyere N. Peace education, transformation of higher education and youth empowerment for peace in Africa. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 2013. 2(12): 338-347. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.432.6342&rep=rep1&type=pdf (дата звернення 14.06.2018)

 

Datzberger S. Peacebuilding through non-formal education programmes: a case study from Karamoja, Uganda, International Peacekeeping, 2017. 24:2, 326-349. DOI: 10.1080/13533312.2016.1214073.

 

Demir S. An overview of peace education in Turkey: Definitions, difficulties, and suggestions: A qualitative analysis. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 2011. (11) 4. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ962672.pdf (дата звернення 04.07.2018)

 

Di Manna L. Exploring opportunities for conflict resolution in higher education. Unpublished doctoral thesis. Minneapolis: Walden University, 2012.

 

Etim N & Okey S. Conflict management in the Nigerian university system. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 2013. 3 (8): 17-25. DOI: 10.5901/jesr.2013.v3n8p17.

 

Harris M. Peace education theory. Journal of Peace Education, 2004. 1 (1): 5-20. DOI: 10.1080/1740020032000178276.

 

Koklu M. Participations in decision-making, desires for participation, job satisfactions and conflict management styles of secondary education teachers. Journal of Education and Science, 2012. 37 (165): 1-16.

 

Majola V. The role of the school governing body (SGB) in conflict management: A case study. Unpublished master’s dissertation. Pretoria: University of South Africa, 2013.

 

Miall H. Conflict Transformation: A Multi-Dimensional Task. In: Transforming Ethnopolitical Conflict / Austin A., Fischer M., Ropers N. (eds). VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden, 2004. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-663-05642-3_4.

 

National Open University of Nigeria. Introduction to conflict resolution processes. Lagos: National Open University of Nigeria, 2009.

 

Nwafor N. Peace education and national development: A critical appraisal. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 2012. 3 (11). Retrieved from https://iiste.org/Journals/index.php/JEDS/article/viewFile/3840/3894 (дата звернення 12.08.2018).

 

Oladitan O. I., Ajibua M. A., Fashogbon B. A. & Ajayi M. O. Influence of leadership style on interpersonal conflict management among teaching and non-teaching staff in secondary schools in Osun State, Nigeria. Higher Education of Social Science, 2014. 6 (1): 39-44. DOI: 10.3968/j.hess.1927024020140601.2955.

 

Posigha E & Oghuvwu V. Conflict among library staff in Bayelsa and delta State of Nigeria. International Journal of Labour and Organisational Psychology, 2009. 3(1&2).

 

Sujatmiko I. Conflict transformation and social reconciliation: The case of Aceh, Indonesia. Asian Social Science, 2012. 8 (2). DOI: 10.5539/ass.v8n2p104.

 

Rahim A. Managing conflict in organizations. Westport: Greenwood, 2010. Retrieved from http://www.untag-smd.ac.id/files/Perpustakaan_Digital_1/CON­FLICT%20MANAGEMENT%20Managing%20conflict%20in%20organizations.pdf (дата звернення 05.08.2018)

 

Robbins S. and Judge T. Essentials of organizational behavior. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education, 2013. Retrieved from https://www.pearson.­com/us/higher-education/product/Robbins-Essentials-of-Organizational-Behavior-13th-Edition/9780133920819.html (дата звернення 01.08.2018)

 

Handbook on peace education / Salomon G. & Cairns E. (eds.). New York: Psychology Press, 2010.

 

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, House of Peoples’ Representative. Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa: Birehanena Selam Printing Press, 1994.

 

Yonas Adaye. Peacebuilding through Peace Education in the Horn of Africa: A transformative cosmopolitan Perspective. In: Peacebuilding in Contemporary Africa. In Search of Alternative Strategies / Ed. by K. Omeje. Routledge, 2018. 226 pp.

 

Van Vuuren H. J., Van der Westhuizen P. C. & Van der Walt J. L. Themanagement of diversity in schools: International Journal of Educational Development, 2012. 32(1), 155-162. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2010.11.005

 

Vaessen B. Antoine van den Beemt, Gerard van de Watering, Ludo W. van Meeuwen, Lex Lemmens & Perry den Brok. Students’ perception of frequent assessments and its relation to motivation and grades in a statistics course: a pilot study, Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 2017. 42: 6, 872-886. DOI: 10.1080/02602938.2016.1204532.

 

Watson N., Watson K., Stanley C. Conflict Management and Dialogue in Higher Education A Global Perspective (2nd Edition). Texas A&M University. Beverly Irby, Texas A&M University, 2017.

 

Williams F. Interpersonal conflict: The importance of clarifying manifest conflict behavior. International Journal of Business, Humanities & Technology, 2011. 1 (3):148-160.

 

Mayer B. The dynamics of conflict. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2012.

 

Wintersteiner W. Building a global community for a culture of peace: The Hague Appeal for Peace Global Campaign for Peace Education (1999-2006). Journal of Peace Education, 2013. 10 (2): 138-156 DOI: 10.1080/17400201.2013.790250.






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