DOI: https://doi.org/10.21847/1728-9343.2018.5(157).148998

Is ethnicity a major determinant of achieving national and economic developments? A focus on Nigeria

Ijeoma Pauline Ogbonne

Abstract


This study aimed at examining public perceptions of the impact of ethnicity on economic development in Nigeria. Survey research design was used for the study while the questionnaire was the instrument for data collection. A total of 384 persons took part in the study. In the analysis of data for the study, the researcher used mean and standard deviation. The result of this study revealed that ethnicity negatively impacts on economic development in the area of infrastructures such as electricity, market development, transportation, housing scheme, ICT and water scheme. It was also found that ethnicity negatively impacts on economic development in the area of human development such as education, health, gender empowerment, employment creation and wealth creation. In line with the result of this study, the researcher concludes that ethnicity negatively impacts on economic development.

Keywords


Ethnicity; economic development; Nigeria; public perceptions

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References


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Ramirez, A., Ranis, G., Stewart, F. 2000. Economic growth and human development, World Development. Vol. 28, Issue 2: 197-219. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(99)00131-X.

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Ranis, G., Stewart, F. 2005. Dynamic Links between the Economy and Human Development. United Nations, Department of Economics and Social Affairs, Working Papers, No.8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18356/e737bdae-en.

Trading economics. 2014. Unemployment rate in Nigeria. Available at: http://www.tradingeconomics.com/nigeria/unemployment-rate (Accessed 28.08.2018).

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Yieke, F. 2010. Ethnicity and development in Kenya: Lessons from the 2007 general elections. Kenya Studies Review: 3, (3): 5-16. Available at: http://kessa.org/yahoo_site_admin/assets/docs/p8_20_Felicia_A_Yieke_Kenya_Studies_Review_KSR-december_2011.351102108.pdf (Accessed 26.08.2018).


GOST Style Citations


Aceleanu M. Links between education, employment and quality of life. the case of Romania. Management & Marketing Challenges for the Knowledge Society. 2012. 7, (4). P. 717-730. URL: http://www.managementmarketing.ro/pdf/articole/293.pdf (Accessed: 12.08.2018).

 

Adah A. & Abasilim A. Development and Its challenges in Nigeria: A theoretical discourse. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 2015. 6 (6). P. 275-281. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n6s2p275.

 

Adetiba T. C & Rahim A. Between ethnicity, nationality and development in Nigeria. International Journal of Development and Sustainability. 2012. 1, 3. P. 545-674. URL: https://isdsnet.com/ijds-v1n3-4.pdf (Accessed: 11.08.2018).

 

Bohlken A. & Sergenti E. Economic growth and ethnic violence: An empirical investigation of Hindu-Muslim riots in India. Journal of Peace Research. 2010. 47(5). P. 589-600. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0022343310373032.

 

Bryan Jon L. The Impact of Government Policy on Economic Growth. In Management Faculty Publications. 2013. Paper 23. URL: http://vc.bridgew.edu/management_fac/23 (Accessed: 14.08.2018).

 

Daniela-Mihaela N. & Oana-Georgiana C. Correlations between human development and economic growth. Annals of theConstantin Brâncuşi”. 2015. 1 (1). P. 118-122. URL: http://www.utgjiu.ro/revista/ec/pdf/2015-01.Volumul%201/16_Neamtu,%20Ciobanu.pdf (Accessed: 19.08.2018).

 

Easterly W., Rebelo S. Fiscal policy and economic growth. Journal of Monetary Economics. 1993. Vol. 32, Issue 3, P. 417-458. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3932(93)90025-b.

 

Efendic A. & Pugh G. Ethnic diversity and economic performance - an empirical investigation using survey data. Economics. 2017. 57. P. 1-36. URL: http://www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2017-57/file (Accessed: 22.08.2018).

 

Essein F. and Gever V. C. Rethinking approaches to national development. The crisis management option. New Media and Mass Communication. 2016. 49. P. 76-78. URL: https://iiste.org/Journals/index.php/NMMC/article/view/30441/31279 (Accessed: 20.08.2018).

 

Gever V. C. Questioning the safe school initiative and making a case for a safe Nigeria model. The media as the nucleus. Sokoto. Journal of the Social Sciences. 2016. 6(1). P. 1-15.

 

Gören Erkan. How Ethnic Diversity Affects Economic Development. ZenTra Working Paper in Transnational Studies. 2013. No. 14/2013. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2254008.

 

Green E. Redefining ethnicity Paper presented at the 47th Annual International Studies Association Convention. San Diego, CA March, 2006. URL: http://personal.lse.ac.uk/greened/ISA.pdf (Accessed: 13.08.2018).

 

International Economic Development Council (nd). The International Economic Development Council’s Economic Development Reference Guide. URL: https://www.iedconline.org/clientuploads/Downloads/IEDC_ED_Reference_Guide.pdf (Accessed: 11.08.2018).

 

Jackson R. & Madaki A. Social issues in Nigeria development: A general overview. International Journal of African and Asian Studies. 2014. 5. P. 10-17. URL: https://www.iiste.org/Journals/index.php/JAAS/article/viewFile/12071/12411 (Accessed: 08.08.2018).

 

Kim B. Infrastructure development for the economic development in developing countries: Lessons from Korea and Japan. 2006. URL: http://www.research.kobe-u.ac.jp/gsics-publication/gwps/2006-11.pdf (Accessed: 16.08.2018).

 

Lawal O. O. Democratic corruption, good governance and development: The prospect and challenges of institution building in Nigeria. A paper presented at the IPSA mid-term international Conference in Abuja. 2011.

 

Levin Institute. Introduction: What is development? 2015. URL: http://www.globalization101.org/introduction-what-is-development-2/ (Accessed: 11.08.2018).

 

Lukpata V. I. National interest and national development in Nigeria. International journal of Public Administration and Management Research. 2013. 2, (1). P. 63-68. URL: http://rcmss.com/2013/1ijpamr/National%20Interest%20and%20National%20Development%20in%20Nigeria.pdf (Accessed: 18.08.2018).

 

Manyasa E. O. Ethnicity: An opportunity or a bane in Africa’s Development. East Africa: In Search of National and Regional Renewal (67-79) / F. Yieke (Ed.). Dakar, Senegal: CODESRIA Publications, 2005.

 

Montalvo J. & Reynal-Querol M. Ethnic diversity and economic development. Journal of Development Economics. 2005. 76. P. 293-323. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdeveco.2004.01.002 (Accessed: 24.08.2018).

 

Noyoo N. Ethnicity and development in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Social Development in Africa, 2000. 15 (2). P. 55-67. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/jsda.v15i2.23859 (Accessed: 24.08.2018).

 

Osakwe R. N. Education for People with Special Needs in Nigeria: Challenges and Way Forward. Education for Sustainable Development / M. I. Atinmo, J. B. Babalola, O. A. Moronkola and A. I. Atanda. (Eds). 2010. P. 33-43.

 

Ovwasa O. L. Money politics and vote buying in Nigeria. The bane of government Afro Asian. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 2014. 5(7). P. 99-106. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n7p99.

 

Ramirez A., Ranis G., Stewart F. Economic growth and human development, World Development. 2000. Vol. 28, Issue 2. P. 197-219. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(99)00131-X.

 

Ranis G. Diversity of communities and economic development: An overview. 2011. URL: http://www.econ.yale.edu/growth_pdf/cdp1001.pdf (Accessed: 13.08.2018).

 

Ranis G., Stewart F. Dynamic Links between the Economy and Human Development. United Nations, Department of Economics and Social Affairs, Working Papers. 2005. No.8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18356/e737bdae-en.

 

Trading economics. Unemployment rate in Nigeria. 2014. URL: http://www.tradingeconomics.com/nigeria/unemployment-rate (Accessed 28.08.2018).

 

World Bank. World development indicators. 2014. URL: http://data.worldbank.org/sites/default/files/wdi-2014-book.pdf (Accessed 28.08.2018).

 

Yieke F. Ethnicity and development in Kenya: Lessons from the 2007 general elections. Kenya Studies Review. 2010. 3, (3). P. 5-16. URL: http://kessa.org/yahoo_site_admin/assets/docs/p8_20_Felicia_A_Yieke_Kenya_Studies_Review_KSR-december_2011.351102108.pdf (Accessed 26.08.2018).