DOI: https://doi.org/10.21847/1728-9343.2018.4(156).140985

«Bessarabian question» at the Paris Peace Conference (Autumn-Winter 1919 year)

Yaroslav Popenko

Abstract


The peace conference was opened in Paris in January 1919 year; it was convened by the victorious states in the First World War to sign the number of the treaties with the beaten countries. In fact, it was about the redistribution of the spheres of the political, the economic and the military influence. During 1919 year, the meeting of the conference showed that among the leaders of the coalition there was no single point of view on the future structure of Europe. The representatives of France, England, and the USA actively lobbied their own geopolitical considerations on this question. At the same time, other states that were part of the Entente also did not want to lose the chance to expand the territory and to strengthen their own political weight. One of them was Romania, which in fact annexed Bessarabia in 1918 year.

The Romanian diplomacy actively argued in Paris the exclusive right to the region, but in its aspiration it met the rigid opposition from the Allies. Only from the autumn of 1919 year, the «Bessarabian problem» began to acquire more or less distinct features in its final decision.

The aim of the research is the analysis of the political struggle around Bessarabia at the Paris Conference during the second half of 1919 year. The tasks of the publication are the characteristic of the course of the events around the adoption of the decision as for the territorial affiliation of the region during the formation of the Versailles system of the international relations. In the context of the theme, the questions were considered, which was not related only to the copposition in Paris but also to the internal policy of Bucharest which was aimed at the integration of Bessarabia into the nationwide system of the kingdom.

Keywords


Paris Peace Conference; «Bessarabian question»; Romania; the Entente; the international law; the diplomacy; the annexation; Sen-Zhermenskiy peace treaty

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