The idea of history in the right-conservative philosophy in the 1920’s and 1930’s
Keywords:"conservative revolution", "оrganized nationalism", nation, history, will, historical destiny, charismatic leader, creative minority
This article is devoted to the analysis of the historiosophical concepts of the "conservative revolution" in the 1920’s and 1930’s and the related theories which are united with the right-wing conservative worldview. The topicality of this article is to find out common and distinctive features in undestanding the idea of history in the West European tradition, in particular, German, and Ukrainian ones. The purpose of this study is to conduct a comparative, ideological and conceptual analysis of the development of history concept in the philosophical tradition of the "conservative revolution" and Ukrainian "organized nationalism". This study identifies the common and distinctive features of these phenomena. Common features for both of them include the nation primacy over the individual, the rise of the nation as a driving force of historical changes, the protest against the established values of the old world, elitism and recognition of individual’s special role in history, the will to power as a factor of social changes.Key differences. In western right-wing philosophy, the leader or noble minority was that kind of force who could lead already existing nations; at the same time, the Ukrainian tradition was about educating the national elite on new principles. That required overcoming the village, provincialism way of world perception as well as "plebeian philosophy", obedience, conformism, and collaboration. Thus, despite the similarity of basic approaches, this two philosophical ideologies came to different conclusions that based on historical conditions in which the West European and East European people lived. For them (East European people) nationalism is not the ideology of enslavement of other nations, but the philosophy of liberation and further historical development of the nation.
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