Basic concepts of the genesis of the Pentecostal movement: the world and domestic context
Keywords:Pentecostal movement, inculturation, modern theology, mission, ecclesiology
The article analyzes the main concepts of the origin of the Pentecostalism. It was found that western studies on the history of Pentecostalism dominated the historical-theological concept of the genesis of movement, which emphasizes the theological context of the future movement, indicating the transformation of the doctrinal content of Protestantism as a key factor for the further development of the Pentecostal. Important are the social causes associated with racial and gender emancipation. Beginning on the margins of society, Pentecostalism, with its emphasis on subjective spiritual experience and individual self-expression of the believer, was able to provide a "higher level of compensation" than other currents of Christianity. At the beginning of the 21st century, researchers emphasize the missionary nature of Pentecostalism and ecclesiology, which is fully adapted to the needs of missionary work. The historians of the discovery of non-American sources of Pentecostalism enable theologians to better understand the sources of openness to local cultures. An analysis of contemporary theological notions about the origin of the Pentecostalism makes it possible to draw a general conclusion that a significant diversity was characteristic of the Pentecostal from the very beginning of this movement. This would make it possible to better understand the identity of the Pentecostal movement as essentially diverse and open to transformations, inculturations, spiritual renewal. It is proved that the variability and dynamism of the movement at the beginning of the 21st century are not a consequence of the influence of postmodernism, but are the traditional features of the Pentecostalism. In the historical and theological studies of the origins and early stages of the Pentecostal movement, several approaches have been developed that try to explain its origin and rapid development. Actualization of various aspects in the course of the genesis of motion confirms its variegated, multi-colored and rootedness not only in theological or missionary, but also socio-cultural reality. From the very beginning of the Pentecostal movement he was characterized by the theological legitimization of "unity in diversity." It arose not because of a later rethinking of the strategies, goals and approaches of the American Pentecostal movement through its meeting with non-American cultures. Rather, it can be argued that "unity in diversity" was an integral part of the historical origin of the phenomenon, which we now call Pentecostalism.
Alexander, E. (2005), The Women of Azusa Street, Pilgrim Press, Cleveland, OH: 2005. 207 p. (eng).
Anderson A. (2005), Towards a Pentecostal Missiology for the Majority World, Asian Journal of Pentecostal Studies, 8:1, 29-47 (eng).
Bergunder, M. (2003), Mission und Pfingstbewegung, Leitfaden ökumenische Missionstheologie. Chr. Kaiser, Gütersloh, s. 200-220 (germ).
Brouwer, S. & Gifford, P. & Rose S. D. (1996), Exporting the American Gospel: Global Christian Fundamentalism. Routledge, London, 344 p. (eng).
Dayton, D. (1987), The Theological Roots of Pentecostalism. The Scarecrow Press, Metuchen, 204 p. (eng).
Land, S. J. (1993), Pentecostal spirituality: A passion for the kingdom. Sheffield Academic Press, 260 p. (eng).
Smolchuk, F. (1992), From Azusastreet to the USSR. North American Slavic Pentecostal Fellowship, Arcadia, 308 p. (eng).
Bornovolokov, O. (2015), Evangelical Christians of Saint Pentecost. Pentecostalism in Western Ukraine: history and modern times. Materials of the scientific and practical conference. Rivne, 11-32 (ukr).
Hrushova, T.V. (2000), The Soviet State and the Sect of Pentecostalists in Ukraine (early 1920s - 1991), Thesis for the degree of candidate of historical sciences in specialty 07.00.01 «History of Ukraine», Zaporizhzhya, 260 p. (ukr).
McGee, H. (1999), Historical overview [translat.]. In: Systematic theology. Kyiv, Layf, 9-46 (rus).
McGrath, A. (2017), The dangerous idea of Christianity. Protestant Revolution: History from the sixteenth to the twenty-first century [translat.]. Dukh i Litera, Kyiv 656 p. (ukr).
Melnyk, V.I. (1992), Small confessional associations in Ukraine. Filosofska i sotsiolohichna dumka, №8: 78-94 (ukr).
Moskalenko, A. (1973), Pentecostals. Polytyzdat, Moscow, 199 s. (rus).
Nykols, H. L. (2015), Kargel: the development of Russian evangelical spirituality. Studying the life and work of Ivan Veniaminovich Kargel (1849-1937): a scientific study [translat.]. Byblyya dlya vsekh, Sankt-Petersburg. 396 p. (rus).
Purdy, V. (1999), Divine healing [translat.]. In: Systematic Theology Lif. Kiev, 655-703 (rus).
Robek, Sesyl (2011), Azusa Street: Missionand Awakening. Ezdra, Aleksandryya, 464 p. (rus).
Skakun, R. (2014), The builders of New Jerusalem: Ivan Murashko and «Murashkovtsi». Vyd-vo UKU, Lviv, 420 р. (ukr).
Soloviy, R. (2003), The context of the emergence of the Pentecostal. Bohoslovskye razmyshlenyya. № 2. 147-163 (ukr).
Siomin, S. (2002), The double essence of evangelism. From the history of the missionary movement. Lyudyna i svit. № 4. 40-45 (ukr).
Siomin, S. (2000), Christian vector of the foreign policy strategy of Ukraine, Nova polityka. №1 (27). 41-44 (ukr).
Usach, N. & Trofimenko, V. (2004), Driven by the Holy Spirit (Victor Belykh and associates). In: To the history of the Pentecostal movement: a collection of documentary novels and essays, Vinnitsa ITI, 240 р. (rus).
Franchuk, V. (2002), Prosyla Rossyya dozhdya u Hospoda. Svitankova zorya, Kiev, Vol.II. 376 p. (rus).
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2018 Mykhaylo Mokiyenko
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
1. Authors bear responsibility for the accuracy of facts, quotations, numbers and names used.
2. Manuscripts are not sent back.
3. The publisher does not always agree with the authors' opinion.
4. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
5. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.