Volodymyr Buzhynskyi, a researcher of Lviv Politekhnika, in records of the People's State Security Commissariat for January-July, 1945





Lviv Polytechnic, repressed scientists, Volodymyr M. Buzhynskyi


The paper reviews some reasons for criminal prosecution of Professor Volodymyr M. Buzhynskyi, the Head of the Strength of Materials Department of the Lviv Polytechnic, a Pole, by Soviet security bodies. Alongside with an analysis of his investigatory records, there are some unknown and little-known facts of Professor Volodymyr M. Buzhynskyi's life given. The biographical data are obtained from records of interrogation as well as written testimony by his wife Iryna Stanislavivna, which she attached to an application addressed to the Prosecutor of the Lviv Region in April 1945, where she tried to prove innocence of her husband. Her attempts coincided with intentions of the Soviet government to enrich the socialist Poland with competent researchers. The author describes Professor Buzhynskyi's involvement in the operation of the Higher Professional Courses during the German occupation of Lviv, from June 1941 to July 1944. An analysis is given of all the records of Professor's interrogation, where he attempted to explain his cooperation with the Germans as a step towards the rescue of Polish youth, former polytechnic students, from driving them away for work to Germany. It is shown that Professor Buzhynskyi had authority with the teaching staff of Polish ethnicity and tried to champion national interests of Poland in his conduct. An example is given of his caring for the future operation of his Department in the territory of Poland and his personal attempt to provide Polish higher educational institutions with study and scientific materials. By the example of Professor Buzhynskyi's behavior, the actual state of relationship between the new power and the old Polish professorate is illustrated. 

Author Biography

Bogdan Levyk, National University 'Lviv Politekhnika'

Doctor of Historical Sciences, Assistant Professor of the History, Museology and Culture Department


Shama, Oleg (2015). Released in Soviet. As the Soviet Unionexpelled Poles from Lviv after the Second World War. New Time. 07. 31. No. 27. Available at: https://nv.ua/ukr/publications/zvilnennja-po-radjanski-jak-srsr-vignav-poljakiv-zi-lvova-pislja-drugoji-svitovoji-62558.html#

Bilas, I.G. (1994). Repressive and punitive system in Ukraine1917 - 1953: socio-political, historical and legal analysis: In 2 books. Book. 1. Lybid - The Army of Ukraine, Kyiv, 432 pp. (ukr).

Golubets, O.M. (2001). Between freedom and totalitarianism. The artistic environment of Lviv in the second half of the twentieth century. Academic Express, Lviv, 176 p. (ukr).

Lutskyi, O. (2009). The Taming of the Intelligentsia (1939 - 1953), In: Rehabilitated by History. Twenty-seven volumes. Lviv region. Book 1. Kyiv-Lviv, 581-596 (ukr).

Popp, Ruslana (2014). Repression of the Stalinist totalitarian regime against the Western Ukrainian intelligentsia in 1944-1953 (on the materials of Lviv). Ukrainian nationalism: history and ideas: Scientific collection. NIT them. D. Dontsova, Drohobych, Issue 2. Available at: http://dontsov-nic.com.ua/represiji-stalinskoho-totalitarnoho-rezhymu-proty-zahidnoukrajinskoji-intelihentsiji-u-1944-1953-rokah/

Krushelnytska, L.I. (2001). They chopped the forest ... (Galichanki’s memories). Lviv Scientific Library named after. V. Stefanyk, Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Lviv, 260 p. (ukr).

Svoarak, S.D.(1998). Folk education in the western Ukrainian region: history and ethnopolitics (1944-1964 biennium), Pravda Yaroslavichiv, Kyiv, 235 p. (ukr).

Svoarak, S.D.(1997). Education in the West Ukrainian lands in the postwar period. Ukrainian Historical Journal. №2, 29-42 (ukr).

Levyk, B. (2017). Stanislav Frize, a researcher of Lviv Politekhnika, in records of the People’s State Security Commissariat for January-August 1945. Skhid, no. 5(151), pp. 51-55. DOI: 10.21847/1728-9343.2017.5(151).117297.

Szewalskii, Robert [ed.] (1993). Politechnika Lwowska 1844-1945. Wydawnictwo Politechniki Wrocławskiej, Wrocław (pol.)

. Sectoral State Archive of the Security Service of Ukraine. Investigator Case No. 1271. Archive case P-2284

Rehabilitated by History. Twenty-seven volumes. Lviv region. Book 1. Kyiv-Lviv: 163-169; 196-198 (ukr).



How to Cite

Levyk, B. (2018). Volodymyr Buzhynskyi, a researcher of Lviv Politekhnika, in records of the People’s State Security Commissariat for January-July, 1945. Skhid, (6(152), 50–55. https://doi.org/10.21847/1728-9343.2017.6(152).122346