Peculiarities of cyber security in the Baltic States: historical retrospective




information security, information risk, cyber security, cyber strategy, national security, the Baltic States


The Russian Federation conducts an information policy in the Baltic direction, aimed at forming a negative image of Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia in the international scene through involving research and development institutions, Russian media and social networks to informational propaganda. Main forms and methods of destructive influence on Russian-speaking population of the Baltic countries have been identified in previous studies.

So, the Baltic countries for a long time are in the epicentre of cyber and information attacks by Russian Federation.

The aim of the study is to analyze the activities of the Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia of formation of national systems for ensuring cyber security in historical retroperspective, the provisions of the documents of the European Union and NATO in this area. The article is based on the documentary sources from 2004 to 2016.

The contents of the guidance documents on issues of cyber security of the Baltic countries meets the requirements of the governing documents of NATO in this sphere аnd involves activities in three directions: protecting its own infrastructure from hacker attacks; international cooperation in this sphere and the involvement of civil experts. Тhat is we can see implementation of all these directions in the Baltic countries.

Feature of information security in the Baltic States is focusing on issues related to cyber security. This is primarily due to high level of Informatization in there countries and their membership in European Union and NATO.

Author Biography

Olga Gapeyeva, Lviv National military Academy named after hetman Sagaydachny

Candidate of Historical Sciences, Senior Researcher Doctorate student


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How to Cite

Gapeyeva, O. (2018). Peculiarities of cyber security in the Baltic States: historical retrospective. Skhid, (6(152), 34–40.