Self-organization of Ukrainian women in Canada during the first and the second waves of immigration (1892-1914, 1922-1939)
Keywords:Ukrainian women's movement, women's organizations, societies, political parties
The suggested article analyzes genesis, typology and organizational principles of Ukrainian women's movement in Canada during the first and the second waves of immigration.It has been stated that Ukrainian women's movement absorbed experience of public and political activity of women of Eastern Galychyna at the end of 19th till the middle of 20th century, as among its activists there were many representatives of those who worked in women's organizations of the counry. Moreover, the need to protect their own rights, existence under the threat of assimilation ,the necessity of successful socio-economic integration in polyethnic Canadian society lead to the unity of Ukrainian women in Canada and further solution of their burning problems . The article emphasizes the process of creating Ukrainian women's organizations, their role in social ,political, cultural and educational activities of the Ukraininan community. It has been noted that the formation of the first Ukrainian women's organizations took place on the basis of political parties and powerful religious confessions.The main outcomes of the research are as follows. During the researched period Ukrainian women's organizations formed their own structure, strengthened institutionally and the number of their members greatly increased. Being organized by the principle of multileveled hierarchy and in accordance with their own statute, Ukrainian women's organizations created effective multileveled structure In the first decade of 20th century. Ukrainian women were greatly involved in public and political life of Canada. Consolidation of organized Ukrainian women resulted in formation of women's organizations and societies which represented predominant organizational tendencies of women's movement such as liberal, conservative and socialist.
Herus-Tarnavetska, I. (1991), The image of women in the Ukrainian Canadian folklore, in: Ukrainskyi istoryk, 1-2, рр. 39-70 (ukr).
Women’s Society of Princess Olga in Winnipeg (1925), in: Iliustrovanyi kalendar kanadiiskoho ukraintsia na 1925 rik, Winnipeg, Issue 10, 160 p. (ukr).
History «Ukrainskyi holos» in the biographies of its founders and builders (1995), Winnipeg, 99 p. (ukr).
Knysh, I. (1972), Vidhuky chasu: Selected Essays, articles, memoirs, materials, Winnipeg, 404 p. (ukr).
Kohuska, N. (1952), A quarter century on the social field: History of Ukrainian Women Union of Canada 1926-1951, Vydano zakhodamy i koshtom Soiuzu ukrainok Kanady, Winnipeg, 540 p. (ukr).
Kohuska, N. (1986), Half a century in the public field: history essay of Ukrainian Women Union of Canada. 1926-1976, Edmonton; Winnipeg, 1034 p. (ukr).
Pavlykovska, I., [ed.] (1967), League Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Edmonton women: the beginning and activities, Zakhodamy i koshtamy Yeparkhialnoi upravy LUKZh, Edmonton, 234 p. (ukr).
Maierchyk, M. (2010), Scenario gender achievement and gender power structure of Ukrainian-farmer in Western Canadaby 1939, in: Narodoznavchi zoshyty, № 3-4, pp. 418-430 (ukr).
Maklein, M. (1985), On the women’s movement in Canada, in: Promin, № 2, pp. 12, 20 (ukr).
Malanchuk-Rybak, O. (2006), Ideology and social practice women’s movement in Western Ukraine XIX - the first third of the twentieth century: typology and European cultural and historical context, monograph, Knyhy, Chernivtsi, 500 p. (ukr).
The main tasks of Ukrainian Women Union of Canada (1960), in: Promin, № 1, p. 6 (ukr).
The first steps of Ukrainian Women Union of Canada (1967), in: Promin, № 1, p. 4 (ukr).
The first organization of Ukrainian women in Canada (1986), in: Promin, № 12, pp. 1-4 (ukr).
The commemorative book Ukrainian People’s House in Winnipeg (1949), Vydano zakhodamy i koshtom Ukrainskoho Narodnoho Domu u Vynypehu, Winnipeg, 863 p. (ukr).
Rybak, O. Z. (2006), Ideology and social practice women’s movement in Western Ukraine XIX - the first third of the twentieth century: typology and European cultural and historical context, Abstract of thesis for the degree of Doctor of Historical Sciences in specialty 07.00.01 «History of Ukraine», Lviv, 37 p. (ukr).
World Congress of Ukrainian women. In memory book (1948), Phill, 63 p. (ukr).
Stratiienko, M. (1955), Problems of Ukrainian women’s movement, in: Svoboda, February 1, p. 3 (ukr).
Teslia, I. (1953), Canadian Ukrainians in the light of the newly announced Canadian population census 1951, in: Biuleten. Materials IV scientific conference of Shevchenko Scientific Society, Toronto, P. 1, pp. 66-73 (ukr).
Teslia, I. (1975), Ukrainians in ZSA and in Canada. Identified Population Census, New York, 31 p. (ukr).
Troshchynskyi, V. P., Shevchenko, A. A. (1999), Ukrainians in the World, Kyiv, 352 p. (ukr).
The Fourth World Congress of Free Ukrainians: Materials (1991), Toronto-New York-London, 445 p. (ukr).
Chumer, V. (1942), Memories of experience of the first Ukrainian immigrants in Canada 1892-1942, Edmonton, available at: http://diasporiana.org.ua/wp-content/uploads/books/1158/file.pdf (ukr).
Ukrainian rifle community in Canada. 1928-1938 (1938), Saskatoon, 160 p. (ukr).
Stechyshyn, Yu., [ed.] (1945), The anniversary book 25th anniversary of the Institute Petro Mohyla in Saskatoon, Drukarnia ukrainskoho holosu, Winnipeg, 435 p. (ukr).
Husar-Struk, Danylo [еd.] (1993), Encyclopedia of Ukraine, University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Vol. V, 886 p. (engl).
Swyripa, Frances (1993), Wedded to the Cause: Ukrainian-Canadian Women and Ethnic Identity 1891-1991, University of Toronto Press, Toronto, 330 p. (engl).
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2017 Khrystyna Sholota
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
1. Authors bear responsibility for the accuracy of facts, quotations, numbers and names used.
2. Manuscripts are not sent back.
3. The publisher does not always agree with the authors' opinion.
4. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
5. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.