Cultural and educational mission of the "Ukrainian Library" by I. Tyktor in national and ideological space Ukrainian




Ivan Tyktor, book series "Ukrainska Biblioteka", concern "Ukrainska Pressa", national-ideological space


Book series "Ukrainska Biblioteka" is a cultural and national-educational project of the publishing concern of Ivan Tyktor "Ukrainska Pressa". It was a monthly addition to the newspaper "Nash Prapor" during 1933-1939. Generally, 80 names of these books were issued, which can be divided by the period of formation our state: the princely age, Cossacks and hetmans period, modern age. A separate unit - humour literatures and philosophical-psychological works. "Ukrainska Biblioteka" received from opponents a lot of criticism both positive and negative. Many questions were caused by the rules standardization of printing whose purpose was to make the book more accessible to Ukrainian. Despite the censorship oversight, I. Tyktor was able to increased the amount of printed materials in the native language, and his publishing series found supporters among intelligentsia, bourgeoisie, peasants, young people who "required" not only popular literature, but also highly artistic works.

The creative team of "Ukrainska Biblioteka" carefully selected literary novels for publication and spread works of little known writers. Most of them were first published and distributed among Ukrainian people. Ivan Tyktor published books which repeatedly won literary awards established by Galician civic organizations. These were works by H. Zhurba, Yu. Kosach, I. Olbrakht. All these novels disseminated Ukrainian diversity of our culture, helped to emerge into the treasury of human values, self-improvement, performed patriotic and educational function, helped to understand the place and role of our country in history.

In this paper the author analyzes library repertoire, work of scientific and editorial team, artistic and compositional component of books and justifies their role in the national-ideological space of Ukrainian based on the literary stories, criticism reviews and notes on the pages of newspapers.

Author Biography

Mariya Pirko, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv

Graduate student


Stefanyk Lviv scientific library. Department of manuscripts, fond 29, sprava 5, 75 p.

Boiarynych, V. (1936), The bloody way, 19.XII.1918.- 15.V.1919: Five months of fighting ІІІ kurinia 24 infantry part of hetman P. Doroshenko for Lviv, Ukrainska Biblioteka, The Printing-house of Medytskiy-Tyktor, Lviv, Vol. 41, 128 p. (ukr).

Vesheleni, O. M. (2013), Genre “sensational story” in Ukrainian emigration literature, Questions Literature, № 87, pp. 311-321 (ukr).

Zelinska, N. V. (2003), Publishing and editing in Ukraine, figures and sources (XIX - first third XX centuries), Svit, Lviv, 612 p. (ukr).

Denysiuk, V. H. (2000), Publication of Ivan Tyktor and concern “Ukrainska Pressa”: Bibliographic index (1923-1977), The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Stefanik Lviv Scientific Library, Lviv, 369 p. (ukr).

Volytskiy, V. (1963), Race to Lviv and Kyiv. War memories, 1918-1920, Homin Ukrainy, Toronto, Ontario, Vol. 22, 234 p. (ukr).

Petrushevych, V. S. (1871), Volynian-Galician Chronicle written at the end XIII century, Lviv. (ukr).

Galician-Volynian Chronicle (1936), Explained and translated Teofil Kostruba, Ukrainska Biblioteka, The Printing-house of Medytskiy-Tyktor, Lviv, Vol. 43, 128 p. (ukr).

Hnatiuk, M. I. (2002), Historicism and history in the works of Andriia Chaikovskoho (novel “Before action”), Memories. Correspondence. Researches. Compiled by Yakymovych B., Vol. 3, Lviv, pp. 382-390. (ukr).

Hrynevych, Ya. (1968), Katria Hrynevycheva, biographical sketch, Homin Ukrainy, Toronto, 95 p. (ukr).

Hrushevskyi, M. (1901), Chronology of Galician-Volynian Chronicle, Notes Shevchenko Scientific Society, Lviv, Vol. 41, pp. 1-72. (ukr).

Dumanska, O. (2007), Luck and talent of Ivan Tyktor, Time and Events, 21 (June). (ukr).

Zhurba, H. (1933), Stars world bequeath, Ukrainska Biblioteka, The Printing-house of Medytskiy-Tyktor, Lviv, Vol. 43, 128 p. (ukr).

From press and journals (1936), Bells, Annual VI, pp. 173-174. (ukr).

Ivasenko, L. O. (2002), Ivan Tyktor - “publisher of yellow press” or “pealrs of fiction”. Attempt publisher’s portrait for review in journal “Bells”, Printing and publishing, Vol. 39, pp. 32-37. (ukr).

Kleimenova, T.V. (2015), Ideological and stylistic originality of Ivan Sadovyi novelette “The dance of death”, Philologicals treatises, Vol. 7, № 4, pp. 152-158. (ukr).

Kovalchiuk, V. (1934), Ukrainian Library, New Time, 29 (April), Vol. 93. (ukr).

Kravtsiv, B. & Turchyn, A. (1984), Book publishing. Encyclopedia of Ukraine, University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Vol. 1, 982 p. (eng).

Krypiakevych, I. P. (2004), Adventures of small Cossacks. Historical-adventure novels and short stories. Uporiadkuvav Krypiakevych R., Veselka, Kyiv, 252 p. (ukr).

Krypiakevych, I. P. (1994), It was sometime in Ukraine: Works. Compiled by Yakymovych B., Veselka, Kyiv, 351 p. (ukr).

Lyshkevych, S. (1933), “Between the two forces”. Grade books 95 money of “Ukrainska Biblioteka”, Bells, Vol. 11-12, pp. 527-531. (ukr).

Lyshkevych, S. (1939), Book Review. Kernytskyi I. My World: Stories, Bells, Vol. 3, pp. 127-130. (ukr).

Literary news (1934), New Time, 7 (January), Vol. 6. (ukr).

Literary-artistic news (1934), Fedkovych for all, New Time, 13 (August), Vol. 180. (ukr).

Hnatyshak, M. (1934), Book Review. Kosach Yu. The Sun in Chyhyryn (The novel of the decembrists in Ukraine), Bells, Annual IV, pp. 577-578. (ukr).

Demkovych-Dobrianskyi, M. (1936), Book Review. Kalyna V. The Kurin of dearth U.S.F. Officers memories, Bells, Vol. 4, pp. 169-170. (ukr).

Demkovych-Dobrianskyi, M. (1937), Book Review. Hrynevycheva K. Shestykrylets: Historical Essays. Second complete edition, Bells, Vol. 1-2, pp. 58-59. (ukr).

Meano Chezare (1938), The heart on frontier = Questo povera Arianna. Translated from Italian Ostroverkha M., Ukrainska Biblioteka, Printing-house of Stavropigiiskyi Institute rent of Ivan Tyktor, Lviv, Vol. 71, 128 p. (ukr).

Melnyk, I. A. (1999), Ivan Tyktor - founder and organizer of professional Ukrainian publishers, Printing and publishing, Vol. 35, pp. 244-249. (ukr).

Melnyk, I. A. (2002), Development traditions of Ivan Tyktor in the practice of modern Ukrainian publishers, Printing and publishing, Vol. 39, pp. 3-9. (ukr).

Mykhailyk, M. (1936), For rifle fame: Memory from 1919-1920, Ukrainska Biblioteka, Lviv, Vol. 46, 128 p. (ukr).

Mykheiv, V. M. (1935), Ghost: Historical novel, Ukrainska Biblioteka, Lviv, Vol. 34, 128 p. (ukr).

Mordovets, D. (1933), Haidamaks: Historical novel. Part 1, Ukrainska Biblioteka, Lviv, Vol. 1, 126 p. (ukr).

Nakonechna, Z. I. (2016), Periodicals of the publishing concern “Ukrainian Press” in the context of West Ukrainian journalism, Thesis for the degree of candidate of sciences in social communications in specialty 27.00.04 “Theory and history of journalism”, Lviv, 212 p. (ukr).

Hew Time (1936), 26 (March), Vol. 69. (ukr).

Announcement (1934), Hew Time, 13 (July), Vol. 155. (ukr).

Announcement (1934), Hew Time, 21 (April), Vol. 86. (ukr).

Olbrakht, I.(1934), Robber Mykola Shuhai: Roman. Part 1, Ukrainska Biblioteka, The Printing-house of Medytskiy-Tyktor, Lviv, Vol. 13, 128 p. (ukr).

Ordivskyi, S. (1939), Black nun: Historical novel from XVII century, Ukrainska Biblioteka, Printing-house of Stavropigiiskyi Institute rent of Ivan Tyktor, Lviv, Vol. 78, 128 p. (ukr).

Ostromyra, M. (1938), In the clamor: Novel, Ukrainska Biblioteka, Printing-house of Stavropigiiskyi Institute rent of Ivan Tyktor, Lviv, Vol. 69, 128 p. (ukr).

The first Ukrainian literary award (1934), Hew Time, 29 (January), Vol. 21. (ukr).

Radchyk, R. V. (2003), Ulas Samchuk formation as a writer and journalist, Scientific notes of the Institute of Journalism, Kyiv, Vol. 11, pp. 84-92. (ukr).

Sadovskyi, B. (1937), New part of “Ukrainska Biblioteka”, Hew Time, 1 (October), Vol. 217. (ukr).

Fedorak, N. (2005), Portics of the Halych-Volynian Chronicle, Lviv national Ivan Franko University, Lviv, 262 p. (ukr).

Central State Historical Archive of Ukraine in Lviv, fond 388, opys 1, sprava 47, 25 p.

Chmyr, M. V. (2007), Uniform and insignia soldiers of the armed forces ZUNR 1918-1919, Ukrainian liberation movement, Lviv, Collection 9, pp. 181-247. (ukr).

Yablonska, O. V. (2012), Poetic features of O. Turianskyy’s novel “The son of the Earth”: Archetypical level, intellect, fairy-tale elements, Research Journal Volynian national university of Lesia Ukrainka. Philology and literary criticism, Vol. 12, pp. 162-168.

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