Theoretical aspects of solving economic problems of nature management: evolution of scientific views
Keywords:classical school of economics, neoclassical school of economics, theory of property rights, public choice theory, welfare theory, theory of general efficiency
In scientific study evolution of the environmental studies in political economy is studied. Classic (Thomas Malthus, David Ricardo, J.S. Mille, G. George, A. Marshall, K. Marx) and neoclassical (A. Pigou, R. Coase, M. Dobby, J. Hershlifer, W. Baumol, W. Outts, T. Titenberh, D. Pearce, K. Turner, etc.). directions of analysis of environmental issues focused on her very dissimilar ecological and economic criteria, often offering and arguing diametrically opposed concepts and methodological revisions. However, the active scientific debate from different schools within economics were generated relatively autonomous fields of scientific opinions that explored a range of issues of contemporary nature: a theory of property rights which explains the root cause of modern ecological and economic crisis; public choice theory, which considers the procedure detection and identification of public including environmental benefits; welfare theory, which puts to allocate scarce natural raw materials, based on the principles of equality and social justice.
Despite the independence of the considered economic theories, approaches to problem solving of ecological of economic processes are closely linked. The transition from the theoretical level to the practical study of the problems of rethinking and links developed in international practice tools to ensure environmental focus economic development of society will create effective management tools restoration of environmental quality and increased efficiency of interaction between society and nature in the processes of production and consumption.
As a result the article developed the idea of scientific views of neoclassical school of economic theory in direction of grounding the importance of priority in the theory of general economic efficiency in the theory of environmental economics in order to create instrumental and methodological tools address the issue of choice of economic alternatives in dealing with international environmental issues and the transformation of domestic natural resources.
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